Apgitir chrábaid

From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies
Apgitir chrábaid

Apgitir chrábaid
‘The alphabet of piety / devotion’

The word apgitir or aipgitir, often translated literally as "alphabet", denotes the fundamentals of religious or monastic devotion.
n. 1 Thomas Owen Clancy • Gilbert Márkus, Iona: the earliest poetry of a Celtic monastery (1995): 196–197.

Title

Apgitir chrábaid
‘The alphabet of piety / devotion’
variously spelled Apgitir/Aipgitir crábaid/chrábaid/crabuid

Ascribed to

Colmán mac Béognae Colmán mac Béognae (d. 611, founder of Lann Elo, now Lynally, Co. Offaly)
n. 2 Vernam Hull, ‘Apgitir chrábaid’, Celtica 8 (1968): 49–50.

Manuscripts

The overview below is based on Westley Follett, Céli Dé in Ireland (2006): 226 and Vernam Hull, ‘Apgitir chrábaid’, Celtica 8 (1968): 44–47

The four main manuscript copies are
Incomplete copies

Language

a mixture of Old Irish and early Middle Irish forms (Hull)
n. 3 Vernam Hull, ‘Apgitir chrábaid’, Celtica 8 (1968): 51.

Date

Vernam Hull dates the first part of the text (as it occurs in Harleian 5280) to c. 600, but assigns the composite text as a whole to the first half of the 8th century.

Form

primary form(s) — prose

Sources

Apgitir chrábaid

Categories

Medieval Irish wisdom literature
Contributors
Dennis Groenewegen
web page identifiers

page name: Apgitir chrábaid
page url: http://www.vanhamel.nl/codecs/Apgitir_chr%C3%A1baid
page ID: 356
page ID tracker: http://www.vanhamel.nl/codecs/Show:ID?id=356



Contents

Introduction (§§ 1–8)

» prose beg. ‘Ires co gním (...)’

De his quae debet homo discere (§§ 9–12)

De peritia ueritatis (§§ 13–16)

De uirtutibus animae incipit (§§ 17–34)

De tribus mandatis principalibus (§ 35)

De prudentissime homine (§§ 36–38)

  • Sources

Notes

Thomas Owen Clancy • Gilbert Márkus, Iona: the earliest poetry of a Celtic monastery (1995): 196–197.
Vernam Hull, ‘Apgitir chrábaid’, Celtica 8 (1968): 49–50.
Vernam Hull, ‘Apgitir chrábaid’, Celtica 8 (1968): 51.

Primary sources
Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in the entry for the relevant manuscript.

[ed.] [tr.] Hull, Vernam (ed. and tr.), “Apgitir chrábaid: the alphabet of piety”, Celtica 8 (1968): 44–89.
Critical edition from all manuscripts.
[ed.] Meyer, Kuno (ed.), “Mitteilungen aus irischen Handschriften: IV. Aus Harleian 5280. Das Apgitir Crábaid des Colmán maccu Béognae”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 3 (1901): 447–455.
CELT – edition: <link> Celtic Digital Initiative – all Mitteilungen in ZCP 3: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Edition based on Harleian 5280.
[tr.] Clancy, Thomas Owen, and Gilbert Márkus, Iona: the earliest poetry of a Celtic monastery, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1995.
195–207 (translation, with introduction).
[tr.] Carey, John, King of Mysteries: early Irish religious writings, 2nd ed. (1998), Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000.
231–245 (translation).

Secondary sources

Follett, Westley, Céli Dé in Ireland: monastic writing and identity in the early Middle Ages, Studies in Celtic History 23, Woodbridge, 2006.
Hull, Vernam, “The date of Aipgitir Crábaid”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 25 (1956): 88–90.
Ó Néill, Pádraig, “The date and authorship of Apgitir Chrábaid: some internal evidence”, in: Ní Chatháin, Próinséas, and Michael Richter (eds.), Irland und die Christenheit: Bibelstudien und Mission. Ireland and Christendom: the Bible and the missions, Veröffentlichungen des Europa Zentrums Tübingen. Kulturwissenschaftliche Reihe, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1987. 203–215.
Kenney, James F., The sources for the early history of Ireland: an introduction and guide. Volume 1: ecclesiastical, Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 11, Revised ed. (1929), New York: Octagon, 1966.
472 [id. 265.]

Queried results

if available
Follett, Westley, Céli Dé in Ireland: monastic writing and identity in the early Middle Ages, Studies in Celtic History 23, Woodbridge, 2006.
Carey, John, King of Mysteries: early Irish religious writings, 2nd ed. (1998), Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000.
231   [The holy life] “Aipgitir chrábaid
Clancy, Thomas Owen, and Gilbert Márkus, Iona: the earliest poetry of a Celtic monastery, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1995.
Ó Néill, Pádraig, “The date and authorship of Apgitir Chrábaid: some internal evidence”, in: Ní Chatháin, Próinséas, and Michael Richter (eds.), Irland und die Christenheit: Bibelstudien und Mission. Ireland and Christendom: the Bible and the missions, Veröffentlichungen des Europa Zentrums Tübingen. Kulturwissenschaftliche Reihe, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1987. 203–215.
Hull, Vernam (ed. and tr.), “Apgitir chrábaid: the alphabet of piety”, Celtica 8 (1968): 44–89.
Kenney, James F., The sources for the early history of Ireland: an introduction and guide. Volume 1: ecclesiastical, Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 11, Revised ed. (1929), New York: Octagon, 1966.
Hull, Vernam, “The date of Aipgitir Crábaid”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 25 (1956): 88–90.
Meyer, Kuno (ed.), “Mitteilungen aus irischen Handschriften: IV. Aus Harleian 5280. Das Apgitir Crábaid des Colmán maccu Béognae”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 3 (1901): 447–455.
CELT – edition: <link> Celtic Digital Initiative – all Mitteilungen in ZCP 3: <link> Internet Archive: <link>

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