ar (with stroke) • CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies

ar (with stroke)

From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies
Ar (with stroke)
> ar (q with stroke through descender)
Image: 1. Ar.png 2. Ar3-Dii1f112ra.png
» 1. [File] Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1339 (H 2. 18) = Book of Leinster [s. xii2], p. 113b
» 2. [File] Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS D ii 1 (1225) = Book of Uí Maine [1394], f. 112ra

Letter(s) displayed: <q> (base form in image, without marks, as it may appear to the untrained eye)
Represents in Irish: ar (in the scribe's mind or in normalised spelling)
Represents in Latin: quia / quam / quod / qu() (in the scribe's mind or in normalised spelling)
Appearance
Build type: Combination
Notational device: » Baseline symbol
Component(s):
At the baseline: » Alphabetic letter(s):
> Q cu.png Q-RawlB512f33ra.png q (regular)
Represents: » cu,  (Irish) » q (Latin) 

» Symbol(s):

> Crossstrokethroughdescender.png cross stroke (subscript)
Represents: » □(), □()r, (miscellaneous) (Irish) 


Has allograph(s):
> Ar-23P12f232v.png ar (allograph open)
Represents: » ar (Irish) » quia, quam, qu() (Latin)  » Notational device: Subscript symbol, Allograph » Allograph of: ar (with stroke)
Meaning
Represents: » In Irish: ar
» In Latin: quia / quam / quod / qu()

» The q with a stroke crossing its tail was originally used for Latin quia (‘because, for’) and also for quam and quod (occasional meanings include que and quid). The abbreviation was adopted in Irish writing to represent ar ‘for, seeing as’ (the Irish equivalent of quia), hence it came to stand for ar in general, both as a full word (especially as a preposition or conjunction) and as part of a word.

Type of unit: » Part of a word » Lexical item
Lexical class: preposition
Provenance
Notational system: Tironian notes
Frequency: very common
See also
Examples in context: Examples in other contexts, if available
> Air.png air (symbol ar with superscript i)
Represents: » air » Notational device: Superscript letter, Baseline symbol
> Are-ligature.png are (ligature of ar and e)
Represents: » are (Irish) » are, que(?) (Latin)  » Notational device: Ligature
> Arr-23E29p160a.png Arr-Dii1f112ra.png arr (double stroke)
Represents: » arr (Irish)  » Notational device: Subscript symbol
> Arus-23E29p112.png arus (digraph)
Represents: » arus (Irish)  » Notational device: Digraph
> Iarum-1.png Iarum-2.png iarum (example)
Represents: » iarum, íarum, íarom, íaram, iaramh (Irish) 
> Tarb.png tarb (ar)
Represents: » tarb (Irish) 
Entries related in meaning: Possible equivalents matching one of the values in the transcription above, if available
> Ar-23P12f232v.png ar (allograph open)
Represents: » ar (Irish) » quia, quam, qu() (Latin)  » Notational device: Subscript symbol, Allograph » Allograph of: ar (with stroke)


> Quam-RawlB512f33ra.png Quam-RawlB512f7vb.png quam (q with wavy cross stroke)
Represents: » quam (Latin)  » Notational device: Baseline symbol
> Ar-Dii1f124rb.png Quod-RawlB512f31va.png quod (q with curved stroke)
Represents: » ar (Irish) » quod (Latin)  » Notational device: Baseline symbol



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CODECS is published online by Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies (A. G. van Hamel Foundation for Celtic Studies) under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0) licence. Designed, directed and maintained by Dennis Groenewegen.