Preface to the Fáeth fiada

From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies
Preface to the Fáeth fiada

Preface to the Fáeth fiada

Short Middle Irish preface to the Old Irish poem which it calls Fáeth fiada. It tells that Saint Patrick composed the ‘hymn’ (immun) in order to protect himself and his retinue from the malicious intentions of King Lóegaire and that Patrick's recitation of it made them appear in the shapes of deer before the king and his men (Benén appears as a fawn following the wild deer). Performative significance is attached to the poem through the claim that those who recite it will be protected from harm.

Initial words

Prose: Patraicc dorone in n-immun-sa

Author

Anonymous

Manuscripts

Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1441 (E 4. 2) = Liber Hymnorum [s. xiex-xiiin] f. 19v

Language

Middle Irish

Form

primary form(s) — prose

Textual relationships

Cf. Bethu Phátraic
n. 1 Ed. and tr. Whitley Stokes, The tripartite Life of Patrick: with other documents relating to that saint (1887): 46–48, followed by the poem.
Preface to the Fáeth fiada

Categories

Irish religious texts

Classification

 prose introductions to verse

Subject tags

 Benignus of Armagh  Tara
 Saint Patrick  Lóegaire mac Néill

Contributors
Dennis Groenewegen
web page identifiers

page name: Preface to the Fáeth fiada
page url: http://www.vanhamel.nl/codecs/Preface_to_the_F%C3%A1eth_fiada
page ID: 11996
page ID tracker: http://www.vanhamel.nl/codecs/Show:ID?id=11996



  • Sources

Notes

Ed. and tr. Whitley Stokes, The tripartite Life of Patrick: with other documents relating to that saint (1887): 46–48, followed by the poem.

Primary sources
Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in the entry for the relevant manuscript.

Binchy, D. A., “Varia. III [1. The old negative form of dia ‘if’; 2. (bó) trelaeg; 3. Atromriug; 4. The date of the so-called ‘Hymn of Patrick’]”, Ériu 20 (1966): 229–237.
234–237

Stokes, Whitley, and John Strachan (eds.), Thesaurus palaeohibernicus: a collection of Old-Irish glosses, scholia, prose, and verse, 3 vols, vol. 2: Non-Biblical glosses and scholia; Old-Irish prose; names of persons and places; inscriptions; verse; indexes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1903.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link> Wikisource: <link> 354 Text of Middle Irish preface and poem, with a translation. The edition is based on TCD 1441, with textual variants given in the footnotes. Direct link

Carey, John, King of Mysteries: early Irish religious writings, 2nd ed. (1998), Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000.
130 Text (‘eclectic text with normalised spelling’) and translation based on Stokes and Strachan

See also the bibliography for Fáeth fiada.

Secondary sources

Binchy, D. A., “Varia. III [1. The old negative form of dia ‘if’; 2. (bó) trelaeg; 3. Atromriug; 4. The date of the so-called ‘Hymn of Patrick’]”, Ériu 20 (1966): 229–237.
Borsje, Jacqueline, “Druids, deer and ‘words of power’: coming to terms with evil in Medieval Ireland”, in: Ritari, Katja, and Alexandra Bergholm (eds.), Approaches to religion and mythology in Celtic studies, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2008. 122–149.
UvA Digital Academic Repository: <link> 134ff
Kenney, James F., The sources for the early history of Ireland: an introduction and guide. Volume 1: ecclesiastical, Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 11, Revised ed. (1929), New York: Octagon, 1966.
272–274 (§ 101) [id. 101.]
Bernard, J. H., and Robert Atkinson, The Irish Liber hymnorum, 2 vols, vol. 2: Translation and notes, Henry Bradshaw Society 14, London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1898.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books (missing: pp. 18-19): <link> 208–212

Queried results

if available
Borsje, Jacqueline, “Druids, deer and ‘words of power’: coming to terms with evil in Medieval Ireland”, in: Ritari, Katja, and Alexandra Bergholm (eds.), Approaches to religion and mythology in Celtic studies, Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2008. 122–149.
UvA Digital Academic Repository: <link>
Carey, John, King of Mysteries: early Irish religious writings, 2nd ed. (1998), Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000.
127   [The coming of the Faith] “Two Loricae: (1) Faeth fiada, (2) Cétnad n-aise
Binchy, D. A., “Varia. III [1. The old negative form of dia ‘if’; 2. (bó) trelaeg; 3. Atromriug; 4. The date of the so-called ‘Hymn of Patrick’]”, Ériu 20 (1966): 229–237.
Kenney, James F., The sources for the early history of Ireland: an introduction and guide. Volume 1: ecclesiastical, Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 11, Revised ed. (1929), New York: Octagon, 1966.
Stokes, Whitley, and John Strachan (eds.), Thesaurus palaeohibernicus: a collection of Old-Irish glosses, scholia, prose, and verse, 3 vols, vol. 2: Non-Biblical glosses and scholia; Old-Irish prose; names of persons and places; inscriptions; verse; indexes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1903.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link> Wikisource: <link>
Bernard, J. H., and Robert Atkinson, The Irish Liber hymnorum, 2 vols, vol. 2: Translation and notes, Henry Bradshaw Society 14, London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1898.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books (missing: pp. 18-19): <link>
Stokes, Whitley (ed. and tr.), The tripartite Life of Patrick: with other documents relating to that saint, 2 vols, Rerum Britannicarum Medii Aevi Scriptores 89, London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1887.
Internet Archive – part 1 (ends on p. 227): <link>, <link> Internet Archive – part 2: <link> CELT – Liber angeli from the Book of Armagh: <link>
381   [Other documents, IV] “Preface to the Fáed Fíada

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