In English: ‘The violent death of Díarmait mac Cerbaill’
Short description: A composite Middle Irish tale about the reign and (threefold) death of Díarmait mac Cerbaill, king of Ireland. A common theme is the king’s violation of ecclesiastical sanctuary or protection.
Short description: The original 12th-century Latin text of the life of Gruffudd ap Cynan, king of Gwynedd. While it was once assumed that no manuscript copy is extant and that the Latin text in Peniarth MS 434E is based on the Middle Welsh translation (Historia Gruffud vab Kenan), Paul Russell has argued that the latter is a redaction of the original Latin text, whose annotations and corrections were intended to align it with the Middle Welsh translation.
Short description: Early Modern Irish recension of Táin bó Flidais, which relates how the exiled Ulster hero Fergus mac Róich obtained his wife Flidais after killing her husband Ailill Finn, king of the Ciarraige. In the earliest manuscript, it forms part of a longer narrative work about Fergus, beginning with Oidheadh Chloinne Uisnigh and concluding with a sequel entitled Tóraigheacht tána bó Flidaise.
Short description: Miscellany of genealogical notes on Irish persons and families prior to the year 800, especially concerning the Éoganacht Chaisil and the Corcu Loígde of Munster. It also includes a section on the Déisi of Waterford.
Short description: Early Irish tale which relates how Fergus mac Róich came to slay Ailill Find, king of the Ciarraige, and gained the latter's wife Flidais. It is regarded as one of the remscéla to the Táin bó Cúailnge.
Initial words (prose):I n-araile domnuch do shenóir nóemh a aénur
Short description: Prose introduction about a soul released from hell (?) through the mediation of prayer, followed by a poem (9 qq) uttered by the soul in gratitude for his release, and a word of prose in conclusion.
Short description: Early Irish tract containing lists of female Irish saints (nóebúag ‘holy virgins’) of the same name. In the manuscripts, the text immediately follows that of a similar tract known as Comainmnigud nóem nÉrenn.
Short description: Early Irish tract containing lists of Irish saints of the same name. Most copies of the text are followed by a similar tract focusing on female Irish ‘holy virgins’ (Comanmand nóebúag hÉrenn).
verse beg.Réidig dam, a Dé, do nim / co h-éimid, ní h-indeithbir
Ascribed to: Úa hUathgaile (Dublittir)
Short description: Middle Irish poem attributed to Dublittir Úa hUathgaile (fl. late 11th century), fer léigin at Glen Uissen, now Killeshin. It is attested both as the concluding poem in the Sex aetates mundi and in independent manuscript contexts.
Short description: Elaborate diagram of the ‘harmony of the months and elements’, which once occupied a single page in a largely computistical manuscript compiled by Byrhtferth of Ramsey (c. 970–c. 1020). The original of this compilation is lost, but two independent ‘copies’ made in the early 12th century remain. The diagram aligns different aspects of time (solstice, equinox, months, seasons, ages of man), the zodiac and the four elements, and in this way, introduces a number of key concepts relevant to computus. In the Oxford manuscript, the diagram comes right at the end of a section (ff. 3r-7v) which contains a miscellaneous variety of short texts and visual designs related to computus, and directly precedes another section (ff. 8r-15v) containing tables and texts on computus.
Short description: Encyclopaedic work written by the English jurist and cleric Gervase of Tilbury. It was dedicated to Emperor Otto IV and intended for his instruction and entertainment, although it is unclear if he ever heard or read the work. The work is divided into three books or decisiones: book I covers the early history of the world, from Creation onwards; book II offers a historical geography of the world (mappa mundi) and its provinces, with excursions on the Holy Land and the six ages of the world. While anecdotal material, including legends about marvels (mirabilia), is found throughout the first two books, book III is entirely devoted to marvellous phenomena.
Short description: Earliest vita of Richarius (Riquier), an early 7th-century Frankish nobleman and founder of the monastery of Centula (Saint-Riquier, Picardy). The text has been dated to the late 7th century.
Short description: Short narrative text concerning the miracles of St Cairnech, patron saint of Tuilén (Dulane, Co. Meath, near Kells). It is attested as an interpolation in the Book of Ballymote version of Lebor Bretnach.
Short description: An early Irish historical compilation, now lost, which is referred to thirteen times in the Annals of Ulster in various entries between the years 467 and 629 (i.e. 467, 468, 471, 475, 482, 490, 545, 553, 599, 601, 603, 611, 629). Mc Carthy suggests that this work was completed in c. 1022 and written by Cuán úa Lothcháin (d. 1024).
Short description: A tale no longer extant but referred to as Aided Mic Shamain in the Book of Leinster version of the early Irish tale list A. The title suggests that it once related the (violent) death of a certain Mac Samáin, possibly the legendary champion of that name mentioned in Cogad Gáedel re Gallaib § 107.
Short description: Textbook compilations of Irish bardic schools on the proper uses of grammar. The tracts constitute a rich and valuable source for Irish bardic poetry, specimens of which are amply cited, and offers evidence for many different aspects of Classical Modern Irish.
Short description: Collective title for short theological treatises by Boethius: 1. De trinitate; 2. Utrum pater et filius et spiritus sanctus de divinitate substantialiter praedicentur; 3. Quomodo substantiae or De hebdomadibus; 4. De fide catholica; 5. Contra Eutychen et Nestorium.
Short description: Latin poem (139 hexametric lines) on Merlin and his prophecies, written by John of Cornwall in the middle of the 12th century in response to Geoffrey of Monmouth’s account of the same subject. In the introduction, John dedicates his work to his patron Robert Warelwast (d. 1155), bishop of Exeter, and puts forward the claim that he is drawing on an independent Cornish source for his text. The text is accompanied by a prose commentary, notably including glosses in a variety of Brittonic, possibly Cornish, the origin and nature of which has been subject to some debate.
verse beg.Ars cum nulla fuit, nosci qua syllaba prima
Thought to have been authored by...
Short description: A guide to prosody of initial syllables in Latin, authored by Dícuil, an Irish schoolmaster and scholar at the Carolingian court, in c. 825. It consists of a verse prologue and prose tract containing formulations of prosodic principles together with illustrations.
Short description: Anglo-Saxon charter in Latin, with English bounds, according to which King Æthelstan (r. 924-939) granted some land to the church of St Buryan, Cornwall. In its received form the document is not authentic, but a genuine basis has been suggested for several of its features (Olson). The date given is 6 October, 943 (sic), and the meeting is said to have taken place at Kingston-on-Thames (Kyngeston), Surrey.
Short description: A Latin, likely Hiberno-Latin, collection of miscellaneous material organised according to their relevance to certain numerical subjects (e.g. the five senses, ten windows of the soul, etc.)
Initial words (prose):Mairg do-n duine carus duíne, ocus ná car Día no-d-car
Ascribed to: Aldfrith ... king of Northumbria
Short description: A series of about thirteen Middle Irish maxims, each of which begins Mairg (Woe [him] who ...). These are ascribed to Flann Fína (Alfrith, king of Northumbria, d. c. 704) in three of the manuscript copies that have come down (YBL, Add. and LB).
Short description: An extensive Latin compendium of exegetical commentary on every book of the Bible. It has been dated to the eighth century and is commonly thought to be Irish in origin or Irish-influenced at the least.
CODECS is published online by Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies (A. G. van Hamel Foundation for Celtic Studies) under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0) licence. Designed, directed and maintained by Dennis Groenewegen.
This page was last modified on 13 March 2017, at 00:26.