Tochmarc Étaíne

From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies

Tochmarc Étaíne
‘The wooing of Étaín’

Title

Tochmarc Étaíne
‘The wooing of Étaín’
Title headings in the manuscripts do not give the third tale a separate title other than indicating that the story of Tochmarc Étaíne is being continued, e.g. Tochmarc Etaine beos (‘Tochmarc Étaíne again’), etc. It appears from other sources, however, that a version of the tale, or an individual episode, may have been known by the title Tromdám Echach Aireman, which is attested in the introduction to the LU version of Orgain brudne Uí Dergae and in the section of so-called gnáthscéla in tale list B.

Summary

Following Bergin and Best (1938), Tochmarc Étaíne can be divided into three tales.

The third tale concerns the attempts by Midir of Brí Léith to (re)gain Étain, whose former incarnation used to be his lover (part I), but who has been reborn around the time of the Ulaid to become the wife of Eochaid Airem, king of Tara (part II). Without revealing his true intentions, Midir engages Eochaid in a series of fidchell games, at the height of which he takes her back. Eochaid tracks down the couple, but is tricked into choosing his own daughter from a company of doubles and begets a daughter (the mother of Conaire Mór, future king of Tara). Finally, an epilogue tells of Eochaid’s violent death.

Manuscripts

(1) pp. 129a-129b line 19: story I (fragment due to a gap in the manuscript);
(2) 129b line 20-130b: story II (complete);
(3) pp. 130b-132a: story III (lacks the middle and end of the text). Incipit: ‘Tochmarc nÉtaine dano so sís’.
(1) col. 985 ff: story I;
(2) col. 990 ff: story II;
(3) cols 992-997: story III. Incipit: ‘Tochmarc Etaine beos’.

Language

Middle Irish

Form

primary form(s) — prose

Form

secondary form(s) — verse

Textual relationships

The Book of Leinster preserves a poetic adaptation of the beginning of the tale. It is attributed to Cináed ua hArtacáin and begins ‘Secht o. f. n.’. The dindsenchas poem Sund dessid domunemar also relates.

Tochmarc Étaíne

Categories

Mythological CycleUlster Cycle

Subject tags

 Eochaid Airem  Midir  Étaín ... mythological figure

Contributors
Patrick Brown, Dennis Groenewegen
web page identifiers

page name: Tochmarc Étaíne
page url: http://www.vanhamel.nl/codecs/Tochmarc_%C3%89ta%C3%ADne
page ID: 2027
page ID tracker: http://www.vanhamel.nl/codecs/Show:ID?id=2027



The text covered by this entry is one of test cases for the new Text Focaliser. More details will follow.

Sources

Primary sources
Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in the entry for the relevant manuscript.

Bergin, Osborn, and R. I. Best (ed. and tr.), “Tochmarc Étaíne”, Ériu 12 (1934–1938): 137–196.
CELT – edition: <link> CELT – translation: <link> Based on YBL and G 4. III is on pp. 174-193.

Windisch, Ernst (ed.), Irische Texte mit Wörterbuch, 4 vols, vol. 1, Leipzig, 1880.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link> 118–133. “Das Freien um Etain”, based on Lebor na hUidre and Egerton 1782.

Müller, Eduard (ed. and tr.), “Two Irish tales”, Revue Celtique 3 (1876–1878): 342–360.
Internet Archive: <link>, <link>, <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link> 350–360. Based on the Egerton 1782 version, here called Scéla Ailill ⁊ Etaine.

Stern, Ludwig Christian (ed. and tr.), “Das Märchen von Étáin”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 5 (1905): 522–534.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
Translations (only)
[tr.] Carey, John (tr.), “[Various contributions]”, in: Koch, John T., and John Carey (eds.), The Celtic Heroic Age. Literary sources for ancient Celtic Europe and early Ireland & Wales, Celtic Studies Publications 1, 4th ed. (1995), Aberystwyth: Celtic Studies Publications, 2003. [Various].
§ 89
[tr.] Corthals, Johan, Altirische Erzählkunst, Forum Celticum: Studien zu keltischen Sprachen und Kulturen 1, Münster: Lit, 1996.
Translation into German
[tr.] Gantz, Jeffrey (tr.), Early Irish myths and sagas, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1981.
37–59
[tr.] Draak, Maartje, and Frida de Jong (trs.), Van helden, elfen en dichters: de oudste verhalen uit Ierland, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1979.
120–147 Versions 1, 2 and 3 translated into Dutch.
[tr.] Guyonvarc'h, Christian-J. (tr.), “La courtise d’Étain”, Celticum 15 (1966): 283–327.
[ed.] [tr.] Leahy, A. H. (tr.), Heroic romances of Ireland, 2 vols, Irish Saga Library 2, London, 1905–1906.
Internet Archive – vol. 1: <link> Internet Archive – vol. 2: <link> Internet Archive – vols 1-2 (Google Books): <link> Internet Archive – Gutenberg (plain text): <link> Vol 1: 1-32 (translation from LU and Egerton 1782, with introduction); vol 2: 143-161 (edition and translation from tale 3 of LU).

Queried results

if available
Tigges, Wim, Tochmarc Étaíne: an Old Irish narrative, The Hague: Wim Tigges, 2015.
Ó Cathasaigh, Tomás, “Tochmarc Étaíne II: a tale of three wooings”, in: O'Neill, Pamela (ed.), The land beneath the sea: essays in honour of Anders Ahlqvist’s contribution to Celtic studies in Australia, Sydney Series in Celtic Studies 14, Sydney: Celtic Studies Foundation, University of Sydney, 2013. 129–142.
Griffin-Kremer, Cozette, “Wooings and works: an episode on yoking oxen in the Tochmarc Étaine and the Cóir anmann”, Eolas: The Journal of the American Society of Irish Medieval Studies 4 (2010): 54–85.
Carey, John (tr.), “[Various contributions]”, in: Koch, John T., and John Carey (eds.), The Celtic Heroic Age. Literary sources for ancient Celtic Europe and early Ireland & Wales, Celtic Studies Publications 1, 4th ed. (1995), Aberystwyth: Celtic Studies Publications, 2003. [Various].
Charles-Edwards, Thomas, “Tochmarc Étaíne: a literal interpretation”, in: Richter, Michael, and Jean-Michel Picard (eds.), Ogma: essays in Celtic studies in honour of Próinséas Ní Chatháin, Dublin: Four Courts, 2002. 165–181.
Corthals, Johan, Altirische Erzählkunst, Forum Celticum: Studien zu keltischen Sprachen und Kulturen 1, Münster: Lit, 1996.
Carey, John, “On the interrelationships of some Cín Dromma Snechtai texts”, Ériu 46 (1995): 71–92.
Celtic Digital Initiative: <link>
[VI] “Tochmarc Étaíne
Gantz, Jeffrey (tr.), Early Irish myths and sagas, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1981.
Draak, Maartje, and Frida de Jong (trs.), Van helden, elfen en dichters: de oudste verhalen uit Ierland, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1979.
120–133   “Het dingen naar de hand van Étáin (1)”
134–137   “Het dingen naar de hand van Étáin (2)”
138–147   “Het dingen naar de hand van Étáin (3)”
Guyonvarc'h, Christian-J. (tr.), “La courtise d’Étain”, Celticum 15 (1966): 283–327.
Dillon, Myles, “Tochmarc Étaíne”, in: Dillon, Myles (ed.), Irish sagas, Thomas Davis Lectures, Dublin, 1959. 11–23.
Dobbs, Margaret E., “The silver basin of Étáin”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 24 (1954): 201–203.
Dobbs, Margaret E., “The treasures of Crimthand Nia Náir”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 24 (1954): 244–247.
Thurneysen, Rudolf, “Tochmarc Étaíne”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 22 (1941): 3–23.
Bergin, Osborn, and R. I. Best (ed. and tr.), “Tochmarc Étaíne”, Ériu 12 (1934–1938): 137–196.
CELT – edition: <link> CELT – translation: <link>
Thurneysen, Rudolf, Die irische Helden- und Königsage bis zum siebzehnten Jahrhundert, Halle: Niemeyer, 1921.
Internet Archive: <link>
598–604   [2.74] “Tochmarc Ētāine”
610–612   [2.77] “Das zweite Werben um Ētāin”
612–616   [2.78] “Das dritte Werben um Ētāin”
Gwynn, Lucius, “The two versions of Tochmarc Étáine”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 9 (1913): 353–356.
Internet Archive: <link>
Leahy, A. H. (tr.), Heroic romances of Ireland, 2 vols, Irish Saga Library 2, London, 1905–1906.
Internet Archive – vol. 1: <link> Internet Archive – vol. 2: <link> Internet Archive – vols 1-2 (Google Books): <link> Internet Archive – Gutenberg (plain text): <link>
Stern, Ludwig Christian (ed. and tr.), “Das Märchen von Étáin”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 5 (1905): 522–534.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
Thurneysen, Rudolf (tr.), “Etain und Alill Anguba”, in: Thurneysen, Rudolf (tr.), Sagen aus dem alten Irland, Berlin, 1901. 77–80.
Internet Archive: <link>
Windisch, Ernst (ed.), Irische Texte mit Wörterbuch, 4 vols, vol. 1, Leipzig, 1880.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
[IV] “Tochmarc Étáine”
Müller, Eduard (ed. and tr.), “Two Irish tales”, Revue Celtique 3 (1876–1878): 342–360.
Internet Archive: <link>, <link>, <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link>

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[tr.] Thurneysen, Rudolf (tr.), “Etain und Alill Anguba”, in: Thurneysen, Rudolf (tr.), Sagen aus dem alten Irland, Berlin, 1901. 77–80.
Internet Archive: <link> Story 2 from from YBL and LU.

|Secondary sources2=

Dillon, Myles, “Tochmarc Étaíne”, in: Dillon, Myles (ed.), Irish sagas, Thomas Davis Lectures, Dublin, 1959. 11–23.
Gwynn, Lucius, “The two versions of Tochmarc Étáine”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 9 (1913): 353–356.
Internet Archive: <link>

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