Commentary on the Amra Choluim Chille

From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies
Commentary on the Amra Choluim Chille

    Commentary on the Amra Choluim Chille

    • Middle Irish
    • prose
    • Irish glosses, Medieval Irish literature, Medieval Irish literature about poets, commentaries
    Middle Irish commentary in the form of scholia accompanying copies of the Amra Choluim Chille.
    Known copies of the early 7th-century (or late 6th-century) elegiac poem Amra Choluim Chille ascribed to Dallán Forgaill ultimately derive from an annotated redaction that was made in the beginning of the 11th century. The poem is here accompanied by extensive commentary in Middle Irish, comprising:
    1. A prose preface or introduction (rem-fhocul, not to be confused with the verse preface of the canonical poem), beginning ‘Loc dond remfhoculsa chetus Druimm Cetta ...’ in Rawlinson B 502. It tells that the poet Dallán Forgaill composed the Amra for Columba on the occasion of the convention at Druim Cett, where the abbot secured the release of Scandlán Mór, negotiated terms of peace between Ireland and the Irish settlers of Scotland and saved the learned classes from expulsion (Dallán recited it after the abbot's death). The story varies in length and detail from one manuscript version to another.
    2. Interlinear gloss to the Amra (verse preface and chapters I-IX)
    Both preface and gloss cite verses, some of which are known from contexts elsewhere.
    Initial words (prose)
    • Loc dond remfhoculsa chetus Druimm Cetta ...
    “The place of this preface, first of all, was Druimm Cetta ...”
    Manuscripts

    A distinction is sometimes made between a shorter and longer version of the commentary (e.g. Brian Ó Cuív, ‘Some items from Irish tradition’, Éigse 11 (1965–1966)).

    First division
    Second division
    Other
    Additional fragments
    include:
    Language
    • Middle Irish
    • Middle Irish

    Date
    early 11th century
    Form
    prose (primary)
    verse (secondary)
    Textual relationships

    Classification

    Irish glosses Medieval Irish literature Medieval Irish literature about poets
     commentaries
    Contents
    Under-construction.png
    Work in progress

    remfhocul » entry

    Verse preface

    Chapter 1

    Summary:
    forthcoming

    Chapter 2

    Chapter 3

    Chapter 4

    Chapter 5

    Chapter 6

    Chapter 7

    Chapter 8

    Chapter 9

    Chapter 10

    • Sources

    Primary sources
    Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in the entry for the relevant manuscript.

    [ed.] [tr.] Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], “The Bodleian Amra Choluimb Chille”, Revue Celtique 20 (1899): 31–55, 132–183, 248–289, 400–437. Corrigenda in Revue Celtique 21 (1900): 133–136.
    Internet Archive: <link>, <link>
    36–55, 132–149 (introduction), 148–183 (preface + chapters I–IV), 248–287 (chapters V–VIII), 288–289 (corrections and additions), 400–419 (VIII–IX), 430–437 (appendix) Edition and translation of the text from Rawlinson B 502, including commentary
    [ed.] Bernard, J. H., and Robert Atkinson (eds.), The Irish Liber hymnorum, 2 vols, vol. 1: Text and introduction, Henry Bradshaw Society 13, London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1898.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link>, <link>
    162–183 Text and commentary from TCD 1441 (E 4. 2). The poem proper, with interlinear commentary, begins on p. 167.
    [tr.] Bernard, J. H., and Robert Atkinson, The Irish Liber hymnorum, 2 vols, vol. 2: Translation and notes, Henry Bradshaw Society 14, London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1898.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books (missing: pp. 18-19): <link>
    53–80 Translation
    [ed.] Best, Richard Irvine, and Osborn Bergin (eds.), Lebor na hUidre: Book of the Dun Cow, Dublin: Hodges, Figgis, 1929.
    CELT – edition (pp. 1-338): <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    11–41 Diplomatic edition of the text in LU.
    [ed.] [tr.] Crowe, John O'Beirne [ed. and tr.], The Amra Choluim Chilli of Dallan Forgaill, vol. 1, Dublin: MacGlashan and Gill, 1871.
    Internet Archive: <link>, <link>, <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link>
    Early edition from the text in LU and partly from the Leabhar Breac.
    Betha Choluim Chille in Gaelic MS XL:
    [tr.] Hennessy, W. Maunsell [tr.], “The old Irish Life of St. Columba: being a discourse on his life and character delivered to the brethren on his festival”, in: Skene, William F., Celtic Scotland: a history of ancient Alban, 3 vols, vol. 2: Church and culture, 2nd ed. (1877), Edinburgh: Douglas, 1887. 467–507.
    Internet Archive: <link>
    494–502 Translation of the preface as inserted into the Betha Choluim Chille copy of Gaelic MS XL, compared with the Leabhar Breac and YBL version. direct link
    [ed.] Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], Lives of saints from the Book of Lismore, Anecdota Oxoniensia, Mediaeval and Modern Series 5, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1890.
    CELT: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>, <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    316–317 Quotations from the Amra and its gloss direct link

    Queried results

    if available
    Russell, Paul, “In aliis libris: adaptation, re-working and transmission in the commentaries to Amra Choluim Chille”, in: Boyle, Elizabeth, and Deborah Hayden (eds), Authorities and adaptations: the reworking and transmission of textual sources in medieval Ireland, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 2014. 63–93.
    Qiu, Fangzhe, “Wandering cows and obscure words: a rimeless poem from legal manuscripts and beyond”, Studia Celtica Fennica 10 (2013): 91–111.
    Bronner, Dagmar, “Die Kommentare zu Amra Coluimb Chille”, in: Stüber, Karin, Thomas Zehnder, and Dieter Bachmann (eds), Akten des 5. Deutschsprachigen Keltologensymposiums, Zürich, 7. - 10. September 2009, Keltische Forschungen. Allgemeine Buchreihe 1, Vienna: Praesens, 2010. 33–43.
    Mahon, William, “Old-Irish verse fragments attributed to Fer Muman mac Echtain”, Studi Celtici 4 (2006): 223–256.
    Studi Celtici: <link>
    Herbert, Máire, “The preface to the Amra Coluim Cille”, in: Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, Liam Breatnach, and Kim R. McCone (eds.), Sages, saints and storytellers: Celtic studies in honour of Professor James Carney, Maynooth Monographs 2, Maynooth: An Sagart, 1989. 67–75.
    Kenney, James F., “Chapter V: The monastic churches: II. The churches of the sixth to ninth centuries; general treatises”, in: Kenney, James F., The sources for the early history of Ireland: an introduction and guide. Volume 1: ecclesiastical, Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 11, Revised ed. (1929), New York: Octagon, 1966. 372–485.
    426   [212] “Amra-Coluimcile
    Best, Richard Irvine, and Osborn Bergin (eds.), Lebor na hUidre: Book of the Dun Cow, Dublin: Hodges, Figgis, 1929.
    CELT – edition (pp. 1-338): <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], “The Bodleian Amra Choluimb Chille”, Revue Celtique 20 (1899): 31–55, 132–183, 248–289, 400–437. Corrigenda in Revue Celtique 21 (1900): 133–136.
    Internet Archive: <link>, <link>
    Bernard, J. H., and Robert Atkinson (eds.), The Irish Liber hymnorum, 2 vols, vol. 1: Text and introduction, Henry Bradshaw Society 13, London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1898.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link>, <link>
    Bernard, J. H., and Robert Atkinson, The Irish Liber hymnorum, 2 vols, vol. 2: Translation and notes, Henry Bradshaw Society 14, London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1898.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books (missing: pp. 18-19): <link>
    Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], Lives of saints from the Book of Lismore, Anecdota Oxoniensia, Mediaeval and Modern Series 5, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1890.
    CELT: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>, <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    Hennessy, W. Maunsell [tr.], “The old Irish Life of St. Columba: being a discourse on his life and character delivered to the brethren on his festival”, in: Skene, William F., Celtic Scotland: a history of ancient Alban, 3 vols, vol. 2: Church and culture, 2nd ed. (1877), Edinburgh: Douglas, 1887. 467–507.
    Internet Archive: <link>
    Crowe, John O'Beirne [ed. and tr.], The Amra Choluim Chilli of Dallan Forgaill, vol. 1, Dublin: MacGlashan and Gill, 1871.
    Internet Archive: <link>, <link>, <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link>

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