verse beg. Cros Chríst tarsin n-gnúisse

Mugrón (abbot of Iona)
  • Middle Irish
  • Early Irish poetry, Early Irish lyrics, Irish lyrical verse
Initial words (verse)
  • Cros Chríst tarsin n-gnúisse
Mugrón [abbot of Iona]Mugrón ... abbot of Iona (d. c.981) – abbot of Iona and supposed author of a number of vernacular Irish poems. His obit in AFM remembers him as ‘scribe/writer and bishop, sage of the three divisions’ (scribhnidh ⁊ epscop, saoi na t-Tri Rand).
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In RIA MS 23 G 4, the poem is ascribed to Mugrón, who was coarb of Colum Cille between 965 and 981. This "is linguistically probable, and as Mugrón is not a person to whom Irish scribes frequenty attribute poems it may be taken to be based on genuine tradition" (Murphy).
  1. Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Laud Misc. 615 = Saltair Choluim Chille [s. xvi1]
    p. 55heading: ‘An crosradhach Coluim Chille innso’
  2. Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 G 4 (O'Gorman 23, 679) [s. xviii]
    p. 355heading: ‘Mugron comharba choluim cille cecinit
    1. Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 G 5
      p. 78
      Copy based on 23 G 4
  • Middle Irish
  • "G's attribution to Mugrón [fl. AD 965-981] is linguistically probable" (Murphy)

  • rinnardrinnard (6²+6²+6²+6²)


Early Irish poetry


Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] [tr.] Murphy, Gerard [ed. and tr.], “Mugrón: Christ's cross”, in: Murphy, Gerard [ed. and tr.], Early Irish lyrics: eighth to twelfth century, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956. 32–35, 186–187.
CELT – edition: <link>
[ed.] Meyer, Kuno [ed.], “Mitteilungen aus irischen Handschriften: An crosradhach Colum Chille innso”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 12 (1918): 387.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>

Secondary sources (select)

Kenney, James F., “Chapter VII: Religious literature and ecclesiastical culture”, in: Kenney, James F., The sources for the early history of Ireland: an introduction and guide. Volume 1: ecclesiastical, Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 11, Revised ed. (1929), New York: Octagon, 1966. 622–744.
727 [id. 584.2.]
Dennis Groenewegen
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