Texts

Dúil Laithne‘Book of Latin’

  • Middle Irish, Early Modern Irish
  • Irish glossaries, Glossary
Irish glossary. It contains 291 (+ 11 additional) head-words, typically obscure in nature, each of which is followed by a single gloss in Irish. A good deal of these have been artificially disguised by substituting a letter for its corresponding letter name in the ogham alphabet (e.g. § 148 daurun i.e. dún).
Title
Dúil Laithne
‘Book of Latin’
The MS text is headed Duil Laithne and so sios.
Manuscripts
  • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1317 (H 2. 15b) [s. xvii]
    pp. 116–117 = pp. 41–42 (Lhuyd's pagination)
     
    Copy written by Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh, 5 May 1643, in Baile Mhic Aodhagáin. The entries are not laid out in a list or table, but given one after the other.
Language
  • Middle Irish Early Modern Irish
  • ?

Classification

Irish glossaries

Sources

Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Stokes, Whitley [ed.], Goidelica: Old and early Middle Irish glosses, 2nd ed. (1866), London, 1872.  
Internet Archive: <link>
71–83 Edition, with the Irish gloss translated into Latin.
[ed.] Macalister, R. A. Stewart, The secret languages of Ireland, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1937.
Internet Archive – Parts of the book: <link>
89–122 [‘IV. Bog-Latin’] gives a number of additional words

Secondary sources (select)

Ní Chatháin, Próinséas, “A linguistic archaism in the Dúil Laithne”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 49–50 (1997): 610–614.
Russell, Paul, “The sounds of a silence: the growth of Cormac's Glossary”, Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 15 (1988): 1–30.
Macalister, R. A. Stewart, The secret languages of Ireland, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1937.
Internet Archive – Parts of the book: <link>
Meyer, Kuno, “The secret languages of Ireland”, Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society, 2nd series, 2 (July 1908–April 1909, 1909): 241–246 + 2 plates.
Internet Archive: <link>
Contains two plates that reproduce the pages of the manuscript.
Contributors
Dennis Groenewegen
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