Texts

Commentarii de bello Gallico‘Commentaries on the Gallic wars’

Julius Caesar
  • Classical Latin
  • prose
  • Ancient Roman texts
Author
Julius CaesarJulius Caesar
(died 44 BC)
Gaius Julius Caesar, Roman statesman, general and consul
See more
Gaius Julius Caesar
Manuscripts

The earliest extant manuscripts of the text belong to the Middle Ages. These manuscripts are usually divided into two families, a class α and a class β, which in one way or another, derive ultimately from a common exemplar:(1)n. 1 The following is based on Ryce, xii-xiii.


Class α: Class β (expanded):
γ
  • A: Amsterdam, University Library, MS xv G 1 = codex Amstelodamensis 73 [s. ix/x], previously listed as no. 81 and also known as the Codex Bongarsianus.
  • Q:(2)n. 2 Siglum M in Du Pontet, preface Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. 5056 = codex Moysiacensis [s. xi/xii], ff. 90r-130v
φ
  • B: Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. 5763 = codex Parisinus I [s. ix]
    • Leiden, codex Leidensis Vossianus Q. 53 [s. xi], from MS B.(3)n. 3 Siglum b in Du Pontet, preface
  • L: London, British Library, Additional MS 10084
  • M:(4)n. 4 R in Du Pontet, preface Vatican City, Vatican Library, codex Romanus Vaticanus 3864 [s. x]
  • S:(5)n. 5 D in Du Pontet, preface Florence, Bibl. Laurentianus, MS R 33 = codex Ashburnhamianus [s. x]
π
  • a:(6)n. 6 T in Du Pontet, preface Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. 5764 = codex Parisanus II [s. xi]
  • f: Vienna, Bibl. Vindobonensis MS 95 = codex Vindobonensis [s. xii]
ρ
  • h:(7)n. 7 U in Du Pontet, preface Vatican City, Vatican Library, codex Vaticanus 3324 = codex Ursinianus [s. xii]
  • l: Florence, Bibl. Richardianus, MS 541 [s. xi/xii]
Language
  • Classical Latin
Form
prose (primary)

Classification

Ancient Roman texts

Sources

Notes

The following is based on Ryce, xii-xiii.
Siglum M in Du Pontet, preface
Siglum b in Du Pontet, preface
R in Du Pontet, preface
D in Du Pontet, preface
T in Du Pontet, preface
U in Du Pontet, preface

Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Hering, W. [ed.], C. Iuli Caesaris commentarii, I: Commentarii belli gallici, Leipzig, Stuttgart: Teubner, 1987.
[ed.] Du Pontet, R. L. A. [ed.], C. Iuli Caesaris Commentariorum I: Libri VII de bello Gallico cum A. Hirti supplemento, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1900.  
comments: Reprinted in the Oxford Classical Texts series (e.g. in 1968).
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
[ed.] Holmes, T. Rice [ed.], C. Julii Caesaris Commentarii rerum in Gallia gestarum VII. A. Hirti Commentarius VIII, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1914.
Perseus Digital Library: <link> Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
[ed.] [tr.] Edwards, H. J. [ed. and tr.], Caesar: The Gallic War, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1917.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
Individual books
[ed.] Ewan, Colin [ed.], De Bello Gallico I, Bristol Classical Press, revised ed. (1957), London, 1993.  
Reprints since 1957: London, 1957; Bristol, 1985.
[ed.] Kennedy, E. C. [ed.], De bello Gallico II, Palatine Classics, London: University Tutorial Press, 1967.  
Reprinted: Bristol, 1983.
[ed.] Rambaud, Michel [ed.], De bello Gallico secundus tertiusque libri, Érasme: collection de textes latins commentés 12, Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1965.  
Books 2 and 3.
Books 2 and 3.
[ed.] Kennedy, E. C. [ed.], De bello Gallico III, Cambridge Elementary Classics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959.
[ed.] Rambaud, Michel [ed.], Bellum Gallicum. Liber 4, Érasme: collection de textes latins commentés 19, Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1967.  
Book 4.
Book 4.
[ed.] Carrington, R. C. [ed.], Caesar. De bello Gallico V (1939), Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 1984.
[ed.] Rambaud, Michel [ed.], Bellum Gallicum. Liber 5, Érasme: collection de textes latins commentés 29, Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1974.  
Book 5.
Book 5.
[ed.] Kennedy, E. C. [ed.], De bello Gallico VI, Bristol Classical Press, Bristol, 1969.  
Reprinted: New Rochelle, New York, 1971.
[ed.] Kennedy, E. C. [ed.], De bello Gallico VII, Cambridge Elementary Classics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959.
[tr.] Hammond, Carolyn [tr.], Julius Caesar. The Gallic war: seven commentaries on the Gallic war with an eighth commentary by Aulus Hirtius, Oxford Classical Texts, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
[tr.] McDevitte, W. A., and W. S. Bohn (tr.), Commentaries on the Gallic War, Harper's New Classical Library, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1869.
Perseus Digital Library: <link> Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum: <link>
[tr.] Hunink, Vincent, Gaius Julius Caesar, Oorlog in Gallië, en Aulus Hirtius, Aanvulling op Caesars 'Oorlog in Gallië', Amsterdam: Polak & Van Gennep, 1997.  
Dutch translation, with commentary.
Dutch translation, with commentary

Secondary sources (select)

Hering, Wolfgang, and Hering, Die Recensio der Caesarhandschriften, Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Schriften der Sektion für Altertumswissenschaft 41, Berlin, 1963.  
1960 Habilitationsschrift reworked for publication.
Contributors
Dennis Groenewegen