Fulda, Landesbibliothek, MS Bonifatianus 3

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Cadmug gospels
  • s. viii/ixin
  • Continental manuscripts containing Irish
  • Continental manuscripts containing Irish
Collection: Bonifatianus
Cadmug gospels
Gospel book
Pocket-sized gospel book
Provenance and related aspects
s. viii/ixin
On palaeographical grounds, W. M. Lindsay dates the manuscript to the beginning of the 8th century. Kuno Meyer, who suggests that the Irish glosses are contemporary with the main text, observes a number of late forms (e.g. sodain as opposed to soáin) and on this basis, tentatively argues for a later date, round about the beginning of the 9th century.
Origin, provenance
Ireland? Fulda? “Dass sie aus Irland stammt, darüber kann meines Erachtens kein Zweifel herrschen. So hartes und durchlöchertes Pergament ist auf dem Kontinent wohl nie verwendet worden.” (Meyer).
Hands, scribes
Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.
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An Irish scribe identifies himself as Cadmug (‘cadmug scripsit’). This may be the copyist or the scribe who wrote the exemplar.
16 glosses in Old Irish, written in the same hand as that of the main text.
Codicological information
The list below has been collated from the table of contents, if available on this page,Progress in this area is being made piecemeal. Full and partial tables of contents are available for a small number of manuscripts. and incoming annotations for individual texts (again, if available).Whenever catalogue entries about texts are annotated with information about particular manuscript witnesses, these manuscripts can be queried for the texts that are linked to them.


Primary sources This section typically includes references to diplomatic editions, facsimiles and photographic reproductions, notably digital image archives, of at least a major portion of the manuscript. For editions of individual texts, see their separate entries.

[dig. img.] FulDig: Fuldaer Digitale Sammlungen, Online: Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek Fulda. URL: <>.
[ed.] Meyer, Kuno, “Neu aufgefundene altirische Glossen”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 8 (1912): 173–177.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
Glosses in Irish.

Secondary sources (select)

Hausmann, Regina, Die theologischen Handschriften der Hessischen Landesbibliothek Fulda bis zum Jahr 1600. I. Codices Bonifatiani 1-3, Aa 1-145a, Die Handschriften der Hessischen Landesbibliothek Fulda 1, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1992.
– Manuscripta Mediaevalia: <link>
Thole, Eva-Maria, Herbert Köllner, and Arthur Brall, Die Schausammlung der Hessischen Landesbibliothek Fulda: ein Begleitbuch, Veröffentlichungen der Hessischen Landesbibliothek 2, 2nd ed., Fulda: Hessische Landesbibliothek, 1981.
Lowe, E. A., Codices Latini antiquiores: a palaeographical guide to Latin manuscripts prior to the ninth century. Part 8: Germany. Altenburg – Leipzig, Codices Latini Antiquiores 8, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959.
Lindsay, W. M., Early Irish minuscule script, Saint Andrews University Publications 6, Oxford, 1910.
Internet Archive: <link>
4–10, Plate III
Scherer, Carl, “Die Codices Bonifatiani in der Landesbibliothek zu Fulda”, in: Richter, Gregor, and Carl Scherer, Festgabe zum Bonifatius-Jubiläum, Fulda: Fuldaer Actiendruckerei, 1905. 1–37.
Internet Archive: <link>
Dennis Groenewegen
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