Texts

Gramadegau’r penceirddiaid‘The grammars of the chief poets’

  • Early Modern Welsh, Middle Welsh
  • prose

A group of vernacular Welsh bardic grammars whose production spans a long line of transmission, revision and adaptation. The earliest two recensions, from the 14th century and onwards, are associated with or attributed to Einion Offeiriad (fl. 13th century) and Dafydd Ddu (fl. 14th century). Later, more elaborate adaptations were produced by Gutun Owain and Simwnt Fychan. While influenced by the Latin grammatical tradition based on the likes of Donatus and Priscian, the grammars sought to apply concepts about the grammatical features of the vernacular to Welsh bardic poetry.

Title
Gramadegau’r penceirddiaid
‘The grammars of the chief poets’
Also known, without article, as Gramadegau penceirddiaid.
Author
Ascribed to: Einion OffeiriadEinion Offeiriad
Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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Dafydd DduDafydd Ddu
Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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Contributors
Gutun OwainGutun Owain
(fl. second half of the 15th century)
Gruffudd ap Huw ab Owain
Gutun Owain (Gruffudd ap Huw ab Owain), Welsh poet and scribe
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Simwnt FychanFychan (Simwnt)
Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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(revising/redacting)
Manuscripts
Language
  • Early Modern Welsh Middle Welsh
Form
prose (primary)

Classification

Subjects

 Early Modern Welsh  Middle Welsh  grammar (discipline)

Sources

Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Williams, Griffith John, and Evan J. Jones, Gramadegau'r penceirddiaid, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1934.
Contributors
C. A.,Dennis Groenewegen