Texts

    In tenga bithnua‘The ever-new tongue’

    • Old Irish, Middle Irish
    • prose
    • Irish religious texts
    Manuscripts

    Recension 1:

    Recension 2:

    Recension 3:

    18th-century manuscripts:
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 12 F 7
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 I 25
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 D 8
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 B 29
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 L 35
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 N 18
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 3 C 15
    • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1413
    • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1414
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 32
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 501
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS M 52
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS M 95
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS R 66
    • London, British Library, MS Egerton 171
    • London, British Library, MS Egerton 174
    • Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Adv. MS 72.2.5
    19th-century manuscripts:
    • Cork, University College, MS Murphy 26
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 365
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 432
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 656
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 L 6
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 B 1
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 M 1
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 I 44
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 C 16
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 A 22
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 N 23
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 L 20
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 A 20
    • London, British Library, MS Additional 18945
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS M 39
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS B 2
    Language
    • Old Irish Middle Irish
    • Secondary language(s): Hiberno-Latin
    Date
    “probably composed in the ninth century” (Carey);n. 1 John Carey, King of Mysteries: early Irish religious writings (2000): 276 “may safely be ascribed to the tenth or eleventh century, when Old Irish was merging into the Early-Middle Irish of the Book of the Dun [Cow] and the Book of Leinster” (Stokes).n. 2 Whitley Stokes, ‘The evernew tongue’, Ériu 2 (1905): 97.
    Form
    prose (primary)

    Classification

    Irish religious texts

    Sources

    Notes

    Whitley Stokes, ‘The evernew tongue’, Ériu 2 (1905): 97.

    Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

    Recension 1:
    [ed.] [tr.] Carey, John [ed. and tr.], Apocrypha Hiberniae 2, Apocalyptica 1. In tenga bithnua: The ever-new tongue, Corpus Christianorum Series Apocryphorum 16, Turnhout: Brepols, 2010.
    [tr.] Carey, John, The ever-new tongue: In tenga bithnúa. The text in the Book of Lismore, Apocryphes (APOCR) 15, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018.
    [ed.] [tr.] Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], “The evernew tongue”, Ériu 2 (1905): 96–162.
    Internet Archive: <link>
    [notes] Stokes, Whitley, “Notes on the Evernew tongue”, Ériu 3 (1907): 34–35.
    Recension 2:
    [ed.] [tr.] Carey, John [ed. and tr.], Apocrypha Hiberniae 2, Apocalyptica 1. In tenga bithnua: The ever-new tongue, Corpus Christianorum Series Apocryphorum 16, Turnhout: Brepols, 2010.
    [ed.] Nic Énri, Úna, and Gearóid Mac Niocaill, “The second recension of the Evernew Tongue”, Celtica 9 (1971): 1–59.
    [ed.] Dottin, Georges, “Un traité irlandais du moyen âge. La langue toujours nouvelle”, Annales de Bretagne 34 (1920): 190–207, 278–298.
    Persée – pp. 190-207: <link> Persée – pp. 278-297: <link>
    [ed.] Dottin, Georges, “Le Teanga bithnua du manuscrit de Rennes”, Revue Celtique 24 (1903): 365–403.
    Recension 3:
    [ed.] Dottin, Georges, “Une rédaction moderne du Teanga bithnua”, Revue Celtique 28 (1907): 277–307.
    Contributors
    Dennis Groenewegen
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