In tenga bithnua

From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies
In tenga bithnua

    In tenga bithnua‘The ever-new tongue’

    • Old Irish, Middle Irish
    • prose
    • Irish religious texts
    Manuscripts

    Recension 1:

    Recension 2:

    Recension 3:

    18th-century manuscripts:
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 12 F 7
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 I 25
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 D 8
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 B 29
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 L 35
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 N 18
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 3 C 15
    • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1413
    • Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1414
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 32
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 501
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS M 52
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS M 95
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS R 66
    • London, British Library, MS Egerton 171
    • London, British Library, MS Egerton 174
    • Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, Adv. MS 72.2.5
    19th-century manuscripts:
    • Cork, University College, MS Murphy 26
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 365
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 432
    • Dublin, National Library of Ireland, MS G 656
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 L 6
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 B 1
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 M 1
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 I 44
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 C 16
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 A 22
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 23 N 23
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 L 20
    • Dublin, Royal Irish Academy, MS 24 A 20
    • London, British Library, MS Additional 18945
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS M 39
    • Maynooth, Russell Library, MS B 2
    Language
    • Old Irish Middle Irish
    • Secondary language(s): Hiberno-Latin
    Date
    “probably composed in the ninth century” (Carey); “may safely be ascribed to the tenth or eleventh century, when Old Irish was merging into the Early-Middle Irish of the Book of the Dun [Cow] and the Book of Leinster” (Stokes).
    n. 2 Whitley Stokes, ‘The evernew tongue’, Ériu 2 (1905): 97.
    Form
    prose (primary)

    Classification

    Irish religious texts
    • Sources

    Notes

    Whitley Stokes, ‘The evernew tongue’, Ériu 2 (1905): 97.

    Primary sources
    Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in the entry for the relevant manuscript.

    Recension 1:
    [ed.] [tr.] Carey, John [ed. and tr.], Apocrypha Hiberniae 2, Apocalyptica 1. In tenga bithnua: The ever-new tongue, Corpus Christianorum Series Apocryphorum 16, Turnhout: Brepols, 2010.
    [tr.] Carey, John, The ever-new tongue: In tenga bithnúa. The text in the Book of Lismore, Apocryphes (APOCR) 15, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018.
    [ed.] [tr.] Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], “The evernew tongue”, Ériu 2 (1905): 96–162.
    Internet Archive: <link>
    [notes] Stokes, Whitley, “Notes on the Evernew tongue”, Ériu 3 (1907): 34–35.
    Recension 2:
    [ed.] [tr.] Carey, John [ed. and tr.], Apocrypha Hiberniae 2, Apocalyptica 1. In tenga bithnua: The ever-new tongue, Corpus Christianorum Series Apocryphorum 16, Turnhout: Brepols, 2010.
    [ed.] Nic Énri, Úna, and Gearóid Mac Niocaill, “The second recension of the Evernew Tongue”, Celtica 9 (1971): 1–59.
    [ed.] Dottin, Georges, “Un traité irlandais du moyen âge. La langue toujours nouvelle”, Annales de Bretagne 34 (1920): 190–207, 278–298.
    Persée – pp. 190-207: <link> Persée – pp. 278-297: <link>
    [ed.] Dottin, Georges, “Le Teanga bithnua du manuscrit de Rennes”, Revue Celtique 24 (1903): 365–403.
    Recension 3:
    [ed.] Dottin, Georges, “Une rédaction moderne du Teanga bithnua”, Revue Celtique 28 (1907): 277–307.

    Carey, John, The ever-new tongue: In tenga bithnúa. The text in the Book of Lismore, Apocryphes (APOCR) 15, Turnhout: Brepols, 2018.
    Nic Cárthaigh, Emma, “The Seven Heavens in the modern recension of In tenga bithnua”, in: Carey, John, Emma Nic Cárthaigh, and Caitríona Ó Dochartaigh (eds), The end and beyond: medieval Irish eschatology, vol. 1, Celtic Studies Publications 17.1, Aberystwyth: Celtic Studies Publications, 2014. 211–283.
    Ivanov, Sergey, “Three colours of the tree”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 59 (2012): 119–128.
    Carey, John [ed. and tr.], Apocrypha Hiberniae 2, Apocalyptica 1. In tenga bithnua: The ever-new tongue, Corpus Christianorum Series Apocryphorum 16, Turnhout: Brepols, 2010.
    Carey, John, “In tenga bithnua and the days of Creation”, Apocrypha: International Journal of Apocryphal Literatures 18 (2007): 231–246.
    Carey, John, King of Mysteries: early Irish religious writings, 2nd ed. (1998), Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000.
    75   [Creator and Creation] “In tenga bithnua ‘The ever-new tongue’”
    Carey, John, “In tenga bithnua: from apocalypse to homily?”, in: O'Loughlin, Thomas [ed.], The Scriptures and early medieval Ireland: proceedings of the 1993 Conference of the Society for Hiberno-Latin Studies on Early Irish Exegesis and Homilectics, Instrumenta Patristica 31, Steenbrugge, Turnhout: In Abbatia S. Petri; Brepols, 1999. 51–68.
    McNamara, Martin, “The bird hiruath of the Ever-New Tongue and hirodius of gloss on Ps. 103:17 in Vatican Codex Pal. Lat. 68”, Ériu 39 (1988): 87–97.
    Nic Énri, Úna, and Gearóid Mac Niocaill, “The second recension of the Evernew Tongue”, Celtica 9 (1971): 1–59.
    Dottin, Georges, “Un traité irlandais du moyen âge. La langue toujours nouvelle”, Annales de Bretagne 34 (1920): 190–207, 278–298.
    Persée – pp. 190-207: <link> Persée – pp. 278-297: <link>
    Dottin, Georges, “Une rédaction moderne du Teanga bithnua”, Revue Celtique 28 (1907): 277–307.
    Stokes, Whitley, “Notes on the Evernew tongue”, Ériu 3 (1907): 34–35.
    Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], “The evernew tongue”, Ériu 2 (1905): 96–162.
    Internet Archive: <link>
    Dottin, Georges, “Le Teanga bithnua du manuscrit de Rennes”, Revue Celtique 24 (1903): 365–403.

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