Jones, Bob Morris
Jones, Bob Morris, “The licensing powers of mood and negation in spoken Welsh: full and contracted forms of the present tense of bod ‘be’”, Journal of Celtic Linguistics 8 (2004): 87–107.
- journal article
This study analyses the use of forms of the present tense of bod 'be' in informal spoken Welsh. Extensive attention has been given to the variant forms of the third persons (mae, maen, ydy, ydyn, sydd, oes). There are other variant forms of all the persons of bod 'be' which are based on phonological contraction, giving the contrast of full and contracted forms (e.g. ydy versus dy). These variants have received much less attention. This study shows that phonology alone cannot account for the choice of a full or contracted form. Three major findings emerge. One is that their use is licensed by features of negation and mood. Another is that the full forms have a more restricted distribution than the contracted forms. The third finding is that there are differences in the use of full and contracted forms in northern and southern dialects.
page name: Jones (Bob Morris) 2004a
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