- c. 1599–1677
- authors, priests, historians
Irish priest and scholar; author of Cambrensis eversus (1662), under the Latin pseudonym Gratianus Lucius.
See also references for related subjects.
Tjoelker, Nienke, “Irishness and literary persona in the debate between John Lynch and O’Ferrall”, Renæssanceforum 8 (2012): 167–192.
In 1664, the Irish priest John Lynch published his Alithinologia as a refutation of a report by the Capuchin Richard O'Ferrall in 1658. Their debate provides two interesting examples of polemical texts written by Irish authors in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The style of both authors reflects their identity, that of an ardent Gaelic supporter of Rinuccini (O'Ferrall) and that of Old English cleric who supports the faction trying to achieve a peace agreement with the English as soon as possible (Lynch). This contribution will sketch the historical background of their debate, and contrast the authors in relation to their background, the content of their works and the form and style of their writings.
Tjoelker, Nienke, “John Lynch’s Alithinologia (1664): Ciceronian disputation and cultural translation in the early modern period”, in: Steiner-Weber, Astrid [gen. ed.], Acta Conventus Neo-Latini Upsaliensis: proceedings of the Fourteenth International Congress of Neo-Latin Studies (Uppsala 2009), Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2012. 1119–1129.
An analysis of the Latin of the Alithinologia can help to contextualise Irish Latin works among contemporary writings from the continent and develop a detailed analysis of the impact of humanist Latin upon the origins of national identity in Ireland in the early modern period. It gives a short analysis of Lynch's Latinity in the Alithinologia, under the headings of orthography, morphology, syntax, vocabulary and style. That Latin style is still an important point of discussion in Lynch's time and can be illustrated by its own frequent criticism of barbarisms in O'Ferrall's work in the Alithinologiae Supplementum. Two aspects stand out in Lynch's style in the Alithinologia. Firstly, Lynch intends to write in a highly rhetorical style, in a moderate Ciceronian, or eclectic Latin style, in order to achieve a 'true account'. The classical and ecclesiastical education that Lynch received show the learning of the renaissance, as modified by the counter-reformation.
McGuire, James [ed.], and James Quinn [ed.], Dictionary of Irish biography, online ed. (2009), Online: Royal Irish Academy; Cambridge University Press. URL: <https://www.dib.ie>.
Ó Muraíle, Nollaig, “Lynch, John (d. in or after 1677)”, Oxford dictionary of national biography, Online: Oxford University Press.
d'Ambrières, René, and Éamon Ciosáin, “John Lynch of Galway (c. 1599–1677): his career, exile and writing”, Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society 55 (2003): 50–63.
Lynch, John, and Irish Manuscripts Commission, Pii antistitis icon, or The life of Francis Kirwan, bishop of Killala, Facsimiles in Collotype of Irish Manuscripts, Facsimile reprint ed. (1669), Dublin: Stationery Office, 1951.
Lynch, John [author], and John Francis O'Doherty [ed.], De praesulibus Hiberniae: potissimus catholicae religionis in Hiberniae ... authore Joanne Linchaeo, 2 vols, Dublin: Stationery Office for Irish Manuscripts Commission, 1944.
Lynch, John, and Matthew Kelly [ed., tr.], Cambrensis eversus, seu potius Historica fides in rebus Hibernicis Giraldo Cambrensi abrogata, 3 vols, Dublin: for the Celtic Society, 1848–1852.
Lynch, John, and Matthew Kelly [ed. and tr.], Cambrensis eversus, seu potius Historica fides in rebus Hibernicis Giraldo Cambrensi abrogata, vol. 3, Dublin: for the Celtic Society, 1851–1852.
Internet Archive:Internet Archive:
Lynch, John, and Matthew Kelly [ed. and tr.], Cambrensis eversus, seu potius historica fides in rebus Hibernicis Giraldo Cambrensi abrogata, vol. 2, Dublin: for the Celtic Society, 1850.
Lynch, John, and Matthew Kelly [ed. and tr.], Cambrensis eversus, seu potius Historica fides in rebus Hibernicis Giraldo Cambrensi abrogata, vol. 1, Dublin: for the Celtic Society, 1848.