Marianus Scottus of Regensburg

  • d. 1080 x 1083
  • scholars, scribes, abbots
  • Regensburg
Irish scribe, who founded the Irish monastic community at Regensburg (Ratisbon) in Bavaria, the first of the Schottenklöster to be founded in southern Germany.
See also: St Jakob, RegensburgSt Jakob, Regensburg
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Ó Cróinín, Dáibhí, “The continuity of the Irish computistical tradition”, in: Warntjes, Immo, and Dáibhí Ó Cróinín (eds.), Computus and its cultural context in the Latin West, AD 300–1200: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on the Science of Computus in Ireland and Europe, Studia Traditionis Theologiae 5, Turnhout: Brepols, 2010. 324–347.  
It is well known that the study of computus in Ireland in the sixth and seventh centuries was at a level not equaled anywhere else in Europe, with the possible exception of Visigothic Spain. Not so well known, however, is the fact that computistics continued to thrive in Ireland, not only into the eighth and ninth centuries, but well beyond that. In fact, the eleventh and twelfth centuries saw a high-point of scholarly activity, in the related fields of chronology and chronography, both in Latin and in the vernacular. The best known Irish scholar of the period, Marianus Scottus of Fulda and Mainz, established a pattern for computistical and chronographical studies for centuries to come. This paper presents some of the evidence for that Blütezeit.
Weber, Stefan, Iren auf dem Kontinent: Das Leben des Marianus Scottus von Regensburg und die Anfänge der irischen ‘Schottenklöster’, Heidelberg: Mattes Verlag, 2010. xii + 874 pp.
Breatnach, Pádraig A., “Marianus Scottus (d. 1080x83)”, Oxford dictionary of national biography, Online: Oxford University Press.
Hoffmann, Hartmut, “Irische Schreiber in Deutschland im 11. Jahrhundert”, Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters 59 (2003): 97–120.
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Brincken, Anna-Dorothee von den, “Marianus Scottus als Universalhistoriker iuxta veritatem evangelii”, in: Löwe, Heinz [ed.], Die Iren und Europa im früheren Mittelalter, 2 vols, vol. 2, Veröffentlichungen des Europa-Zentrums Tübingen. Kulturwissenschaftliche Reihe, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1982. 970–1009.
Breatnach, P. A., “The origins of the Irish monastic tradition at Ratisbon (Regensburg)”, Celtica 13 (1980): 58–77.
Kenney, James F., “Chapter VI: The expansion of Irish Christianity”, in: Kenney, James F., The sources for the early history of Ireland: an introduction and guide. Volume 1: ecclesiastical, Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 11, Revised ed. (1929), New York: Octagon, 1966. 486–621.
[443] “Chronicle of Marianus Scottus”
[444] “Life of Marianus, abbot of Ratibon”
[445] “Copy of the Epistles of St Paul, by Marianus Scotttus (Codex Vindobonensis 1247)”
Dilworth, Mark, “Marianus Scotus: scribe and monastic founder”, Scottish Gaelic Studies 10:2 (1965): 125–148.
Binchy, D. A., “Die irischen Benediktinerklöster in Regensburg”, unpublished PhD dissertation: Munich, 1923.
Reeves, William, and Charles P. Mac Donnell [quoted], “On Marianus Scotus, of Ratisbon”, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 7 (1857–1861): 290–301.