O’Mulconry’s glossary

    • Irish glossaries, Glossary
    Earliest extant Irish glossary
    O’Mulconry’s glossary
    The title O’Mulconry’s glossary was coined by Eugene O’Curry, who named it after Seán Ó Maoil Chonaire using the anglicised form of his name, John O’Mulconry (fl. 16th century). Although the work is too early to be attributed to him, Stokes adopted this suggestion when he came to edit the textn. 1 Whitley Stokes, ‘O'Mulconry's glossary’, Archiv für celtische Lexikographie 1 (1900): 232. and the title has remained in common use ever since. The glossary is also referred to as Descriptio de origine Scoticae linguae, from the opening words of the introduction, although this title is sometimes reserved for the original stratum of the text only.
    Initial words (prose)
    • Incipit discreptio de origine Scoticae linguae quam congregauerunt religiosi uiri
    The earliest stratum of the text may date back to the second half of the 7th or first half of the 8th century (Mac Neill). Whitley Stokes dates certain late features of the text to the 13th or 14th century.
    Textual relationships


    Irish glossaries



    Whitley Stokes, ‘O'Mulconry's glossary’, Archiv für celtische Lexikographie 1 (1900): 232.

    Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

    [ed.] [tr.] Moran, Pádraic, De origine Scoticae linguae (O’Mulconry’s glossary): an early Irish linguistic tract, edited with a related glossary, Irsan, Lexica Latina Medii Aevi 7, Turnhout: Brepols, 2019.
    [ed.] Stokes, Whitley, “O'Mulconry's glossary”, Archiv für celtische Lexikographie 1 (1900): 232–324, 473–481.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    [corr.] Stokes, Whitley, “Suum cuique”, Archiv für celtische Lexikographie 1 (1900): 629.
    Internet Archive: <link>
    [dipl. ed.] Russell, Paul, Sharon Arbuthnot, and Pádraic Moran, Early Irish glossaries database, Online: Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse and Celtic, University of Cambridge. URL: <http://www.asnc.cam.ac.uk/irishglossaries>.
    Diplomatic edition of all four manuscript copies. direct link
    Translation wanted.

    Secondary sources (select)

    Mac Neill, Eoin, “‘De origine Scoticae linguae’”, Ériu 11 (1932): 112–129.
    Dennis Groenewegen
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