S 400

  • Latin
  • Anglo-Saxon charters, Charter
Copy of an Anglo-Saxon charter, dated 928, by which Æthelstan, king of England (924-939) granted 12 hides at Odstock, Wiltshire, to Byrhtferth, his minister.
The original scribe appears to have supplied both the date and location of the meeting: Easter day (16 April), Exeter. This copy was entered into a cartulary of Old Minster, Winchester (Codex Wintoniensis).

The charter is witnessed by three Welsh kings, all designated subreguli:

  • Howel Subregulus, that is, Hywel (Dda) ap Cadell, king of Deheubarth
  • Juþwal Subregulus, that is, Idwal Foel ab Anarawd, king of ('greater') Gwynedd
  • Wurgeat Subregulus, possibly for Gwriad, king of Gwent.
  • Latin
  • mainly in Latin.


Anglo-Saxon charters


Hywel Dda ap CadellHywel Dda ap Cadell
Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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Idwal Foel ab AnarawdIdwal Foel ab Anarawd
Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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Gwriad [king of Gwent]Gwriad ... king of Gwent
Entry reserved for but not yet available from the subject index.

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Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] The electronic Sawyer: online catalogue of Anglo-Saxon charters, Online: King's College London. URL: <http://esawyer.org.uk>.
[‘S 400’] S 400 direct link
[dig.] Miller, Sean [dev.], Anglo-Saxons.net: England c.450-1066 in a nutshell, Online: self-published. URL: <http://anglo-saxons.net/hwaet/>.
[ed.] Birch, Walter de Gray [ed.], Cartularium Saxonicum: a collection of charters relating to Anglo-Saxon history, 3 vols, London, 1885–1899.
[id. 663.]
[ed.] Kemble, J. M. [ed.], Codex diplomaticus aevi Saxonici, 6 vols, London, 1839–1848.
Internet Archive – various: <link>
[id. 1101.]

Secondary sources (select)

Kirby, D. P., “Hywel Dda: Anglophil?”, Welsh History Review 8 (1976): 1–13.
Loyn, Henry Royston, “Wales and England in the tenth century: the context of the Athelstan charters”, Welsh History Review 10 (1981): 283–301.
C. A.,Dennis Groenewegen