The illustration on the front cover shows part of a second-century tombstone in the museum at Mannersdorf am Leithagebirge, Austria (no. PAN 113 in this Supplement). Nertomarus and his wife Toutomara erected it to commemorate themselves. His name Nertomarus is from Celtic nerto- 'strength' and maros 'great' (compare medieval Irish nertmar and Welsh nerthfawr 'strong'), while Touto- mara combines touto- 'people, land' (Irish tuath, Welsh tud) with the feminine mara 'great'.
Contributions to journals
A systematic search for Celtic derivatives of IE *peug′‐ /*peuk′‐ ‘to pierce’ illustrates the extent to which Indo‐European etymological dictionaries have tended to overlook the existence of cognates in the Celtic languages.
This paper discusses and categorises the various medieval and modern Welsh prepositions and particles yn and the initial mutations that follow them. It investigates possible manuscript variants such as Old Welsh int and it and Middle Welsh y, and examines variations in mutation. Historical explanations are suggested, including a new explanation of the absence of mutation in the productive yn + verbal noun construction, which is argued to have spread from the construction in which possessive pronouns between yn and the verbal nouns of intransitive stative verbs prevented yn from mutating the verbal nouns.