St. Paul im Lavanttal, Stiftsbibliothek, MS 86a/1

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Reichenau Primer
  • Latin
  • s. ixin
  • Continental manuscripts containing Irish
  • Continental manuscripts containing Irish
  • vellum

Latin hymns, Latin grammatical texts, with Old Irish poems, such as Pangur Bán (f. 1).

Reichenau Primer
manuscript miscellanies grammatical writing and learning prayers and hymns
Provenance and related aspects
s. ixin
early 9th century
Origin, provenance
Origin: ReichenauReichenau

No description available

possibly Reichenau Abbey.
Hands, scribes
Old High German glosses
Codicological information
Foliation / Pagination
now 8 folia, with a 9th folio kept separately in Karlsruhe

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While it is not a reality yet, CODECS seeks consistency in formatting references to locations of texts and other items of interest in manuscripts. Our preferences may be best explained with some examples:

  • f. 23ra.34: meaning folio 23 recto, first column, line 34
  • f. 96vb.m: meaning folio 96, verso, second column, middle of the page (s = top, m = middle, i = bottom)
    • Note that marg. = marginalia, while m = middle.
  • p. 67b.23: meaning page 67, second column, line 23
The list below has been collated from the table of contents, if available on this page,Progress in this area is being made piecemeal. Full and partial tables of contents are available for a small number of manuscripts. and incoming annotations for individual texts (again, if available).Whenever catalogue entries about texts are annotated with information about particular manuscript witnesses, these manuscripts can be queried for the texts that are linked to them.


Primary sources This section typically includes references to diplomatic editions, facsimiles and photographic reproductions, notably digital image archives, of at least a major portion of the manuscript. For editions of individual texts, see their separate entries.

[dig. img.] Tristram, Konrad J. [photography], Reichenauer Schulheft - Reichenau Primer: Benediktinerstift St. Paul im Lavanttal (Kärnten) - St. Paul in Carinthia, Online: Hildegard L. C. Tristram. URL: <>. 
Images of the Reichenau Primer, photographed in 1998.

Secondary sources (select)

Tristram, Hildegard L. C., “Die irischen Gedichte im Reichenauer Schulheft”, in: Anreiter, Peter, and Erzsébet Jerem (eds.), Studia Celtica et Indogermanica: Festschrift für Wolfgang Meid zum 70. Geburtstag, Archaeolingua 10, Budapest: Archaeolingua, 1999. 503–529.
Windisch, Ernst [ed.], Irische Texte mit Wörterbuch, 4 vols, vol. 1, Leipzig, 1880.
Internet Archive: <link>, <link>
Dennis Groenewegen
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