Togail Troí‘The destruction of Troy’

  • Middle Irish
  • Medieval Irish literary adaptations
Middle Irish adaptation of the Historia de excidio Troiae (6th century) ascribed to Dares Phrygius.
Shorter version
Longer version:
Third recension:
  • Middle Irish
Textual relationships


Medieval Irish literary adaptations


Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Stokes, Whitley, “The destruction of Troy”, in: Windisch, Ernst, and Whitley Stokes (eds.), Irische Texte mit Wörterbuch, 4 vols, vol. 2:1, Leipzig, 1884. 1–142. Addenda/corrigenda in Irische Texte mit Wörterbuch, vol. 2:2: 282.
CELT – edition (pp. 3–62): <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – Addenda and corrigenda: <link>
TCD 1319, with variants from LL (short version).
[ed.] Mac Eoin, Gearóid, “Ein Text von Togail Troí”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 30 (1967): 42–70.
LL 406b (line 37)–408.
[ed.] Best, Richard Irvine, and M. A. O'Brien (eds.), Togail Troí, from the Book of Leinster, vol. IV, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1966.
Longer LL version, pp. 1063-1117 of the diplomatic edition.
[ed.] Stokes, Whitley [ed. and tr.], Togail Troi: the destruction of Troy, Calcutta, 1881.
Longer LL version, pp. 217a-244b; with fragment from the shorter version, LL 406b-408 (ch. 25–ch.30), on pp. 52-54.
[add.] [corr.] Stokes, Whitley, “[Addenda and corrigenda to Togail Troi]”, Revue Celtique 5 (1881–1883): 401–404, 508.  
comments: These were appended to Liebrecht's review of Stokes' edition of Togail Troí.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
[ed.] [tr.] Thurneysen, Rudolf, “Mélanges: Irische Miscellen. I. Die Sigen Satuirn in Togail Troi”, Revue Celtique 6 (1883–1885): 91–93.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
Edition, with German translation, of a single passage, revised from Stokes 1881b.

Secondary sources (select)

Byrne, Mary E., “The parricides of the Children of Tantalus”, Revue Celtique 44 (1927): 14–33.
Journal volume:  Internet Archive: <link>
Mac Eoin, Gearóid S., “Das Verbalsystem von Togail Troí (H. 2. 17)”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 28 (1960–1961): 73–136, 149–223.
Mac Gearailt, Uáitéar, “Togail Troí: an example of translating and editing in medieval Ireland”, Studia Hibernica 31 (2000–2001): 71–85.
Meyer, Robert T., “The Middle-Irish version of the story of Troy”, Études Celtiques 17 (1980): 205–218.
Journal volume:  Persée – Études Celtiques, vol. 17, 1980: <link>
Miles, Brent, “Togail Troí: the Irish Destruction of Troy on the Cusp of the Renaissance”, in: Shepard, A., and Stephen D. Powell (eds.), Fantasies of Troy. Classical tales and the social imaginary in medieval and early modern Europe, Toronto: Centre for Renaissance and Reformation Studies, University of Toronto, 2004. 81–96.
On the third recensiuon.
Miles, Brent, Heroic saga and classical epic in medieval Ireland, Studies in Celtic History 30, Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2011.  
The puzzle of Ireland's role in the preservation of classical learning into the middle ages has always excited scholars, but the evidence from the island's vernacular literature - as opposed to that in Latin - for the study of pagan epic has largely escaped notice. In this book the author breaks new ground by examining the Irish texts alongside the Latin evidence for the study of classical epic in medieval Ireland, surveying the corpus of Irish texts based on histories and poetry from antiquity, in particular Togail Troi, the Irish history of the Fall of Troy. He argues that Irish scholars' study of Virgil and Statius in particular left a profound imprint on the native heroic literature, especially the Irish prose epic Táin Bó Cúailnge (“The Cattle-Raid of Cooley”).
Myrick, Leslie Diane, From the De excidio Troiae historia to the Togail Troí: literary-cultural synthesis in a medieval Irish adaptation of Dares’ Troy tale, Anglistische Forschungen 223, Heidelberg: Winter, 1993.
Thurneysen, Rudolf, “Quellenangaben der Togail Troí”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 18 (1930): 425–426.