Tromdámh Guaire

From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies
Tromdámh Guaire

    Tromdámh Guaire‘Guaire's burdensome company’

    • Early Modern Irish
    • prose
    • Cycles of the Kings, Medieval Irish literature about poets, Ulster Cycle
    Title
    Tromdámh Guaire
    ‘Guaire's burdensome company’
    Also called Imtheacht na tromdháimhe in late copies of the text.
    Manuscripts
    Language
    • Early Modern Irish
    • “The language is late Mid. Irish in its transition stage into Mod. Irish” (Joynt).
      n. 5 Maud Joynt, Tromdámh Guaire (1931): xii.
    Date
    Tromdám Guaire is substantially a late creation. The linguistic evidence would indicate that the text as it stands belongs to a date in the late thirteenth or early fourteenth century, but this evidence, in so far as it has been examined, is unsatisfactory and even contradictory. On the other hand, the text seems to have been known to Giolla Brighde Mac Con Midhe [c.1210-c.1272] [...] which would indicate that it was in existence by the mid-thirteenth century” (Ó Coileáin).
    n. 1 Seán Ó Coileáin, ‘The making of Tromdám Guaire’, Ériu 28 (1977): 66.
    n. 2 See also Ó Coileáin (1977) on James Carney's view that while the “story of Tromdám Guaire is a typical example of the difficulty of dating Irish texts as literary compositions ... [it] could ... be thought of as having taken substantially its present form in the tenth century or earlier”. James P. Carney, Studies in Irish literature and history (1955): 170.
    “[B]ased on the evidence of a number of Norman-French and English loanwords in the texts as well as certain morphological and syntactic aspects of the author’s language”, Feargal Ó Béarra has suggested that the present text was “composed no earlier than ca. 1300, probably west of the river Shannon”, even if some of the materials used may date from an earlier time.
    n. 3 Feargal Ó Béarra, ‘Tromdhámh Guaire: a context for laughter and audience in Early Modern Ireland’ in Laughter in the Middle Ages and early modern times... (2010): 415 and 415 n. 9..
    Form
    prose (primary)
    verse (secondary)
    Contains poems
    A Aed suidhcern seig’ • ‘A err ada, a Aedh’ • ‘A Aedh mic Duach duibh’ • ‘Inmhain corp adrocair sunn’ • ‘Dursan dam, a meic mu Dhe’ • ‘Lochaid gidh ger a nguilbne’ • ‘Triallum uait, a Guairi glain’ • ‘A Chonnra Chaeich mheic Dairbre o'n traigh
    Textual relationships
    Contains a version of the story of the recovery of the Táin bó Cuailnge by Senchán Torpéist. See Do faillsigud Tána bó Cúailnge for another version.

    A similar version of the tale was incorporated into Beatha Colaim Chille (§ 157), compiled by Manus O'Donnell.

    Classification

    Cycles of the Kings Medieval Irish literature about poets Ulster Cycle

    Subject tags

    Gúaire Aidne mac ColmáinGúaire Aidne mac Colmáin (d. 663) – king of Connacht from the Uí Fhiachrach; son of Colmán mac Cobthaig (d. 622)
    See more
    Senchán TorpéistSenchán Torpéist (fl. 6th–7th century) – Irish poet associated with Gúaire Aidne, king of Connacht; popular figure in Irish literary tradition, notably as one credited for having retrieved the Táin and, especially in Tromdám Gúaire, as the leader of a band of poets seeking to test the limits of Gúaire’s hospitality.
    See more
    • Sources

    Notes

    Seán Ó Coileáin, ‘The making of Tromdám Guaire’, Ériu 28 (1977): 66.
    See also Ó Coileáin (1977) on James Carney's view that while the “story of Tromdám Guaire is a typical example of the difficulty of dating Irish texts as literary compositions ... [it] could ... be thought of as having taken substantially its present form in the tenth century or earlier”. James P. Carney, Studies in Irish literature and history (1955): 170.
    Feargal Ó Béarra, ‘Tromdhámh Guaire: a context for laughter and audience in Early Modern Ireland’ in Laughter in the Middle Ages and early modern times... (2010): 415 and 415 n. 9..
    Maud Joynt, Tromdámh Guaire (1931): xii.

    Primary sources
    Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in the entry for the relevant manuscript.

    Edition wanted.
    A new edition is wanted.
    [ed.] Joynt, Maud [ed.], Tromdámh Guaire, Mediaeval and Modern Irish Series 2, Dublin, 1931.
    CELT – edition: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    Text from 23 H 6, collated with variants from 24 M 31, 23 O 16 and 23 O 34.
    [ed.] [tr.] Connellan, Owen, Imtheacht na Tromdháimhe; or, the proceedings of the great bardic institution, Transactions of the Ossianic Society 5, Dublin: John O'Daly, 1860.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    Text from the Book of Lismore, collated with a version from “a valuable MS. on paper belonging to the late Rev. Mr. Lamb of Newtownhamilton” (xxxiv). Joynt supra: “Connellan took a good many liberties with his text and his translation is not always reliable.”
    [tr.] Ford, Patrick K. [tr.], The Celtic poets: songs and tales from early Ireland and Wales, Belmont, Massachusetts: Ford & Bailie, 1999.
    77–111
    [tr.] Draak, Maartje, and Frida de Jong (trs.), De lastige schare, gevolgd door vijf anekdoten over dichtergeleerden, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1990.
    [tr.] [adapt.] Ua Laoghaire, Peadar, Guaire, Dublin, 1915.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    Modernised version in Irish.

    Secondary sources

    Ó Coileáin, Seán, “The making of Tromdám Guaire”, Ériu 28 (1977): 32–70.
    Carney, James, Studies in Irish literature and history, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1955.
    170–189
    Dillon, Myles, The cycles of the kings, London: Oxford University Press, 1946.
    90–98 Brief introduction and summary.
    Thurneysen, Rudolf, Die irische Helden- und Königsage bis zum siebzehnten Jahrhundert, Halle: Niemeyer, 1921.
    Internet Archive: <link>
    254–267 Brief introduction and summary. direct link

    Queried results

    if available
    Ó Béarra, Feargal, “Tromdhámh Guaire: a context for laughter and audience in Early Modern Ireland”, in: Classen, Albrecht [ed.], Laughter in the Middle Ages and early modern times: epistemology of a fundamental human behavior, its meaning, and consequences, Fundamentals of Medieval and Early Modern Culture 5, Berlin: De Gruyter, 2010. 413–428.
    Ford, Patrick K. [tr.], The Celtic poets: songs and tales from early Ireland and Wales, Belmont, Massachusetts: Ford & Bailie, 1999.
    Draak, Maartje, and Frida de Jong (trs.), De lastige schare, gevolgd door vijf anekdoten over dichtergeleerden, Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1990.
    Ó Coileáin, Seán, “Tromdhámh Ghuaire: an aoir agus an insint”, Léachtaí Cholm Cille 18 (1988): 20–38.
    Ó Coileáin, Seán, “The making of Tromdám Guaire”, Ériu 28 (1977): 32–70.
    Carney, James, Studies in Irish literature and history, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1955.
    Dillon, Myles, The cycles of the kings, London: Oxford University Press, 1946.
    Joynt, Maud [ed.], Tromdámh Guaire, Mediaeval and Modern Irish Series 2, Dublin, 1931.
    CELT – edition: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    Thurneysen, Rudolf, Die irische Helden- und Königsage bis zum siebzehnten Jahrhundert, Halle: Niemeyer, 1921.
    Internet Archive: <link>
    Ua Laoghaire, Peadar, Guaire, Dublin, 1915.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>
    Connellan, Owen, Imtheacht na Tromdháimhe; or, the proceedings of the great bardic institution, Transactions of the Ossianic Society 5, Dublin: John O'Daly, 1860.
    Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>

    web page identifiers

    page name: Tromdámh Guaire
    page url: //www.vanhamel.nl/codecs/Tromd%C3%A1mh_Guaire
    page ID: 296
    page ID tracker: //www.vanhamel.nl/codecs/Show:ID?id=296

    Contributors
    Patrick Brown, Dennis Groenewegen
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