Verba Scáthaige

From CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies
Verba Scáthaige

    Verba Scáthaige
    verse beg. A mbé eirr óengaile

    • Old Irish
    • verse
    • Early Irish poetry, Ulster Cycle
    Poem in the form of a prophecy delivered by Scáthach to Cú Chulainn.
    Initial words (verse)
    • A mbé eirr óengaile
    “When you are a peerless champion”
    A mbe<ë> eirr ōengaile (initial line of verse, as reconstructed in the edition by P. L. Henry).
    Context(s)
    The (textual) context(s) to which the present text belongs or in which it is cited in part or in whole.
    independent, Tochmarc Emire
    Language
    • Old Irish
    Date
    7th-8th century
    Form
    verse (primary)
    prose (secondary)

    Verse, with prose introduction.

    Metre
    dactyllic (trisyllabic), except in verses 8, 20 and 29 (Henry)
      Number of lines
      32
      Textual relationships
      Refers to various combats at the ford undertaken by Cú Chulainn in the course of the story told in Táin bó Cuailnge

      Classification

      Early Irish poetry Ulster Cycle

      Subject tags

      Cú ChulainnCú Chulainn – Young Ulster hero and chief character of Táin bó Cuailnge and other tales of the Ulster Cycle; son of Súaltam or Lug and Deichtire (sister to Conchobor); husband of Emer (ingen Forgaill)
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      ScáthachScáthach (ass. time-frame: Ulster Cycle, Conchobar mac Nessa) – A warrior woman and instructor of warriors in the Ulster Cycle, notably responsible for training the hero Cú Chulainn.
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      Medb ChrúachnaMedb Crúachna, Medb of Crúachan, Medb of Connacht (ass. time-frame: Subject:Ulster Cycle) – Queen of the Connachta, co-ruler with her husband Ailill mac Máta, in the Ulster Cycle. She is said to have a daughter, Findabair, and seven sons known as the seven Maines. Her lover is Fergus mac Róich.
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      Ailill mac MátaAilill mac Máta (ass. time-frame: Ulster Cycle) – king of Connacht, husband of Medb of Connacht
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      FinnbennachFinnbennach, Findbennach (ass. time-frame: Ulster Cycle) – No short description available
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      Donn CúailngeDonn Cúailnge (ass. time-frame: Ulster Cycle) – The fertile brown bull of Cúailnge (Cooley, Co. Louth) in the Táin and foretales.
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      • Sources

      Primary sources
      Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in the entry for the relevant manuscript.

      [ed.] [tr.] Henry, P. L. [ed. and tr.], “Verba Scáthaige”, Celtica 21 (1990): 191–207.
      Celtica – eprint (PDF): <link>
      [ed.] Thurneysen, Rudolf [ed.], “Verba Scáthaige nach 23 N 10”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 9 (1913): 487–488.
      Internet Archive: <link>
      [ed.] Meyer, Kuno [ed.], “Verba Scāthaige fri CoinCulaind”, in: Bergin, Osborn, R. I. Best, Kuno Meyer, and J. G. O'Keeffe (eds.), Anecdota from Irish manuscripts, vol. 5, Halle and Dublin, 1913. 28–30.
      Celtic Digital Initiative – PDF: <link> Internet Archive – vols 1-5: <link> Internet Archive – vols. 3-5: <link>

      Secondary sources

      Thurneysen, Rudolf, Die irische Helden- und Königsage bis zum siebzehnten Jahrhundert, Halle: Niemeyer, 1921.
      Internet Archive: <link>
      376–377

      Henry, P. L. [ed. and tr.], “Verba Scáthaige”, Celtica 21 (1990): 191–207.
      Celtica – eprint (PDF): <link>
      Thurneysen, Rudolf, Die irische Helden- und Königsage bis zum siebzehnten Jahrhundert, Halle: Niemeyer, 1921.
      Internet Archive: <link>
      376–377   [2.30] “Verba Scāthaige”
      Thurneysen, Rudolf [ed.], “Verba Scáthaige nach 23 N 10”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 9 (1913): 487–488.
      Internet Archive: <link>
      Meyer, Kuno [ed.], “Verba Scāthaige fri CoinCulaind”, in: Bergin, Osborn, R. I. Best, Kuno Meyer, and J. G. O'Keeffe (eds.), Anecdota from Irish manuscripts, vol. 5, Halle and Dublin, 1913. 28–30.
      Celtic Digital Initiative – PDF: <link> Internet Archive – vols 1-5: <link> Internet Archive – vols. 3-5: <link>

      web page identifiers
      Contributors
      Patrick Brown, Dennis Groenewegen
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