Texts

Y Gododdin

  • Early Welsh
  • verse
  • Medieval Welsh poetry
A long heroic poem, or series of verses (awdlau), in Early Welsh.
Manuscripts
Late copies from the former
Language
  • Early Welsh
Form
verse (primary)

Classification

Medieval Welsh poetry
This table of concordance lists the verses of the Gododdin as well as the four Gorchanau, but excludes other material that occurs in the manuscript. For each verse, relevant page numbers, initial lines, scribal hands (A and B) and references to scholarly editions or translations have been noted down. By clicking on the arrows, you can sort the verses in the order of your preference: (a) in the order in which they stand in the manuscript (“MS: page”, default); or in the order in which they are represented in one of the following modern editions and/or translations: (b) the standard edition by Ifor Williams (1938), (c) in the prose translation by Kenneth Jackson (1969), (d) the edition and translation by A. O. H. Jarman (1988), and (e) the reconstructed text according to John T. Koch’s edition (1997). Finally, the verses can be alphabetically arranged by their initial lines.


cat. entry MS: page MS: hand MS: initia Ifor Williams 1938 Jackson 1969 Jarman 1988 Koch 1997
01.1 1 A GRedyf gwr oed gwas 001 CA i (ll. 1-20) A 01 A 1 002 2 052 A.1
01.2 1 A Kayawc kynhorawc men ydelhei 002 CA ii (ll. 21-29) A 02 A 2 003 3 054.1 A.2
01.3 1 A Kaeawc kynnivyat kywlat e rwyt 003 CA iii (ll. 30-38) A 03 A 3 004 4 054.2 A.3
01.4 1-2 A Kaeawc kynhorawc bleid e maran 004 CA iv (ll. 39-55) A 04 A 4 005 5 056.1 A.4
02.1 2 A Kaeawc kynhorawc aruawc eg gawr 005 CA v (ll. 46-56) A 05 A 5 006 6 056.2 A.5
02.2 2 A Gwyr a aeth ododin chwerthin ognaw 006 CA vi (ll. 57-63) A 06 A 6 007 7 058.1 A.6
02.3 2 A Gwyr a aeth ododin chwerthin wanar 007 CA vii (ll. 64-67) A 07 A 7 008 8 058.3 A.7
02.4 2-3 A Gwyr a aeth gatraeth oed fraeth eu llu 008 CA viii (ll. 68-73) A 08 A 8 009 9 058.3 A.8
03.1 3 A Gwyr a aeth gatraeth veduaeth uedwn 009 CA ix (ll. 74-83) A 09 A 9 010 10 060.1 A.9
03.2 3 A Gwyr a aeth gatraeth gan wawr 010 CA x (ll. 84-89) A 10 011 11 060.2 A.10
03.3 3 A Gwyr a aeth gatraeth gan wawr 011 CA xi (ll. 90-96) A 11 012 12 062.1 A.11
03.4 3-4 A Gwyr a aeth gatraeth gan dyd 012 CA xii (ll. 97-104) A 12 013 13 062.2 A.12
04.1 4 A Gwr a aeth gatraeth gan dyd 013 CA xiii (ll. 105-120) A 13 014 14 064 A.13
04.2 4 A Gwr a aeth gatraeth gan wawr 014 CA xiv (ll. 121-130) A 14 015 15 066.1 A.14
04.3 4 A O vreithyell gatraeth pan adrodir 015 CA xv (ll. 131-139) A 15 016 16 066.2 A.15
05.1 5 A Blaen echeching gaer glaer ewgei 016 CA xvi (ll. 140-149) A 16 017 17 068 A.16
05.2 5 A Anawr gynhoruan 017 CA xvii (ll. 150-177) A 17 018 18 070 A.17
05.3 5-6 A Teithi etmygant 018 CA xviii (ll. 178-201) A 18 019 19 072 A.18
06.1 6 A Eveis y win a med e mordei 019 CA xix (ll. 202-220) A 19 020 20 074 A.19
06.2 6 A Eveis y win a med e mordei 020A CA xx A (ll. 221-234) A 20 021A 21(A) 040.1 B1.12/A.20
06.3 6 A Gwyr a aeth gatraeth buant enwawc 021 CA xxi (ll. 235-242) A 21 022 22 076.1 A.21
07.1 7 A Uyg car yng wirwar nyn gogyffrawt 022A CA xxii A (ll. 243-249) A 22 023 23 076.2 A.22
07.2 7 A Aryf angkynnull agkyman dull agkysgoget 023A CA xxiii A (ll. 258-267) A 23 025A 25(A) 078 A.23
07.3 7 A Arwr y dwy ysgwyd adan e dalvrith 024 CA xxiv (ll. 277-291) A 24 026 26 080 A.24
07.4 7-8 A Cam e adaw heb gof camb ehelaeth 025 CA xxv (ll. 292-299) A 25 027 27 082.1 A.25
08.1 8 A Bu gwir mal y meud e gatlev 026A CA xxvi A (ll. 300-311) A 26 028A 28(A) 046.1 B1.18/A.26
08.2 8 A Issac anuonawc o barth deheu 027 CA xxvii (ll. 318-326) A 27 029 29 082.2 A.27
08.3 8 A Keredic caradwy e glot 028 CA xxviii (ll. 327-332) A 28 030 30 084.1 A.28
08.4 8 A Keredic caradwy gynran 029 CA xxix (ll. 333-342) A 29 031 31 084.2 A.29
08.5 8-9 A Pan gryssyei garadawc y gat 030 CA xxx (ll. 343-352) A 30 032 32 086.1 A.30
09.1 9 A Gwyr a gryssyassant buant gytneit 031 CA xxxi (ll. 353-362) A 31 033 33 086.2 A.31
09.2 9 A Gwyr a gryssyassant buant gytvaeth 032 CA xxxii (ll. 363-371) A 32 034 34 088.1 A.32
09.3 9 A Gwyr a aeth gatraeth yg cat yg gawr 033 CA xxxiii (ll. 372-379) A 33 035 35 088.2 A.33
09.4 9-10 A Ny wnaethpwyt neuad mor orchynnan 034 CA xxxiv (ll. 380-387) A 34 036 36 090.1 A.34
10.1 10 A Ny wnaethpwyt neuad mor anvonawc 035 CA xxxv (ll. 388-397) A 35 037 37 090.2 A.35
10.2 10 A Ny wnaethpwyt neuad mor diessic 036 CA xxxvi (ll. 389-406) A 36 038 38 092.1 A.36
10.3 10 A Disgynsit en trwm yg kessevin 038 CA xxxviii (ll. 418-422) A 37 040 40 092.2 A.37
10.4 10 A Disgynsit en trwm yg kesseuin 039A CA xxxix A (ll. 423-427) A 38 041 41 092.3 A.38/A.53
11.1 11 A Disgynsit en trwm rac alauoed wyrein 042 CA xlii (ll. 447-458) A 39 044 44 094.1 A.39
11.2 11 A Am drynni drylaw drylenn 043A CA xliii A (ll. 448-469) A 40 045A 45(A) 032 B1.5/A.40/B1.6/A.41
11.3 11 A Am drynni drylaw drylenn 044A CA xliv A (ll. 478-485) A 41 046A 46(A) 032 B1.5/A.40/B1.6/A.41
11.4 11-12 A Eur ar vur caer 045A CA xlv A (ll. 497-507) A 42 047A 47(A) 004 B2.25/B2.35/A.42
12.1 12 A Pan vuost di kynnivyn clot 046 CA xlvi (ll. 528-534) A 43 048 48 096.1 A.43
12.2 12 A Ket bei cann wr en vn ty 047 CA xlvii (ll. 535-537) A 44 101 101 096.2 A.44
12.3 12 A Nyt wyf vynawc blin 048 CA xlviii (ll. 538-552) A 45 049 49 096.3 A.45
12.4 12 A Goroled gogled gwr ae goruc 049 CA xlix (ll. 553-560) A 46 050 50 098.1 A.46
12.5 12-13 A Nyt ef borthi gwarth gorsed 050 CA l (ll. 561-574) A 47 051 51 098.2 A.47
13.1 13 A Llech leutu tut leudvre 051A CA li A (ll. 575-587) A 48 300 - 002 B2.24/B1.3/A.48
13.2 13 A Er kryn e alon ar-af 052 CA lii (ll. 608-626) A 49 052 52 100.1 A.49
13.3 13 A Ny mat wanpwyt ysgwyt 053 CA liii (ll. 617-626) A 50 053 53 100.2 A.50
13.4 13-14 A Da y doeth adonwy atwen. ym adawssut 054A CA liv A (ll. 627-633) A 51 054A 54(A) 034.1 B1.7/A.51
14.1 14 A Gododin gomynaf dy blegyt 055A CA lv A (ll. 640-648) A 52 001A 1(A) 028.1 B1.2/A.52
14.2 14 A Kywyrein ketwyr kywrennin 039B CA xxxix B (ll. 428-433) A 53 300 - 092.3 A.38/A.53
14.3 14 A Kywyrein ketwyr kywrenhin 056 CA lvi (ll. 656-663) A 54 300 - 102.1 A.54
14.4 14 A Kywyrein ketwyr kywrenhin 057 CA lvii (ll. 664-667) A 55 300 - 102.2 A.55
14.5 14-15 A Kywyrein ketwyr kyuaruuant 058 CA lviii (ll. 668-673) A 56 300 - 104.1 A.56
15.1 15 A Ny wnaethpwyt neuad mor dianaf 037 CA xxxvii (ll. 407-417) A 57 039 39 104.2 A.57
15.2 15 A O winveith a medweith 059 CA lix (ll. 674-688) A 58 300 - 106 A.58
15.3 15 A O winveith a medweith yd aethant 060 CA lx (ll. 689-694) A 59 056 56 108.1 A.59
15.4 15-16 A O winveith a medveith yt gryssyassant 061A CA lxi A (ll. 695-702) A 60 057A 57(A) 048.1 B1.20/A.60
16.1 16 A Hv bydei yg kywyrein pressent 062 CA lxii (ll. 709-716) A 61 058 58 108.2 A.61
16.2 16 A Angor dewr daen 063A CA lxiii A (ll. 717-732) A 62 059 59 042 B1.14/B1.15/A.62
16.3 16 A Ardyledawc canu kyman caffat 064A CA lxiv A (ll. 774-781) A 63 063A 63(A) 024.1 B2.40/A.63
16.4 16 A Ardyledawc canu kyman ovri 065 CA lxv (ll. 790-799) A 64 064 64 110.1 A.64
17.1 17 A Ardyledawc canu claer orchyrdon 066A CA lxvi A (ll. 800-807) A 65 065A 65(A) 022.2 B2.39/A.65
17.2 17 A Ardyledawc canu keman kywreint 067A CA lxvii A (ll. 819-824) A 66 066A 66(A) 026.1 B2.42/A.66
17.3 17 A Ardyledawc canu claer orchyrdon 068 CA lxviii (ll. 827-830) A 67 067 67 110.2 A.67
17.4 17 A Dyfforthes meiwyr molut nyuet 069 CA lxix A (ll. 831-842) A 68 068A 68(A) 010.1 B2.29/A.68
17.5 17 A Moch dwyreawc y more 070 CA lxx A (ll. 855-860) A 69 069A 69(A) 014 B2.33/A.69
18.1 18 A Moch dwyreawc y meitin 071 CA lxxi A (ll. 869-879) A 70 070A 70(A) 012.2 B2.32/A.70
18.2 18 A Disgynnwys en affwys dra phenn 072 CA lxxii (ll. 889-903) A 71 071 71 112.1 A.71
18.3 18 A Aer dywys ry dywys ryvel 073 CA lxxiii (ll. 904-911) A 72 072 72 112.2 A.72
18.4 18-19 A Keint amnat amdina dy gell 074 CA lxxiv (ll. 912-923) A 73 073 73 114.1 A.73
19.1 19 A Bedin ordyvnat en agerw 075A CA lxxv A (ll. 924-934) A 74 074 74 020 B2.37/A.74
19.2 19 A Dyfforthes cat veirch a chat seirch 076 CA lxxvi (ll. 943-948) A 75 300 - 114.2 A.75
19.3 19 A Mynawc gododin traeth e annor 077 CA lxxvii (ll. 949-957) A 76 076 76 116.1 A.76
19.4 19-20 A O gollet moryet ny bu aesawr 078 CA lxxviii (ll. 958-965) A 77 077 77 116.2 A.77
20.1 20 A Gweleis y dull o benn tir adoyn 079A CA lxxix A (ll. 966-971) A 78 102A 102(A) 026.2 B1.1/A.78
20.2 20 A Mat vudic ysgavynwyn asgwrn aduaon 080 CA lxxx (ll. 978-987) A 79 078 78 118.1 A.79
20.3 20 A Carasswn disgynnu yg catraeth gessevin 081 CA lxxxi (ll. 988-995) A 80 079 79 118.2 A.80
20.4 20 A Truan yw gennyf vy gwedy lludet 082 CA lxxxii (ll. 996-1005) A 81 080 80 120.1 A.81
21.1 21 A Ef gwrthodes tres tra gwyar llynn 083 CA lxxxiii (ll. 1006-1013) A 82 081 81 120.2 A.82
21.2 21 A Porthloed vedin 084 CA lxxxiv (ll. 1014-1027) A 83 082 82 122 A.83
21.3 21 A Pan ym dyvyd 085 CA lxxxv (ll. 1028-1046) A 84 083 83 124 A.84
21.4 21 A Diannot e glot e glutvan 086 CA lxxxvi (ll. 1047-1054) A 85 084 84 126.1 A.85
22.1 22 A Dienhyt y bob llawr llanwet 087 CA lxxxvii A (ll. 1055-1077) A 86 085A 85(A) 028.2 B1.4/A.86
22.2 22 A Peis dinogat e vreith vreith 088 CA lxxxviii (ll. 1101-1117) A 87 300 - 126.2 A.87
22.3 22-23 A Neum dodyw angkyvwng o angkyuarch 089 CA lxxxix (ll. 1118-1125) A 88 086 86 128 A.88
23.1 23 B Gveleys y dull o bentir a doyn 079B CA lxxix B (ll. 972-977) B 01 B 1 102B 102(B) 026.2 B1.1/A.78
23.2 23 B Gododin gomynnaf oth blegyt 055B CA lv B (ll. 649-655) B 02 B 2 001B 1(B) 028.1 B1.2/A.52
23.3 23 B Llech llefdir aryf gardith tith ragon 051C CA li C (ll. 597-607) B 03 B 3 300 - 002 B2.24/B1.3/A.48
23.4 23-24 B Dihenyd y bop llaur llanwet 087B CA lxxxvii B (ll. 1078-1100) B 04 B 4 085B 85(B) 028.2 B1.4/A.86
24.1 24 B Am drynni drylav drylen 043B CA xliii B (ll. 470-477) B 05 B 5 045B 45(B) 032 B1.5/A.40/B1.6/A.41
24.2 24 B Am ginyav drylav drylen 044B CA xliv B (ll. 486-496) B 06 B 6 046B 46(B) 032 B1.5/A.40/B1.6/A.41
25 25-26 A Aryf angkynnull 200 CA GT (ll. 1258-1321) C00 GT 300 GT 200 -
26.1 26 A Ny phell gwyd aval o avall 201 CA GA (ll. 1322-1336) C01 - 301 - 201 -
26.2 26-28 A Pei mi brytwn 202 CA GK (ll. 1337-1411) C02 GC 302 GC 202 -
28 28-30 A Doleu deu ebyr am gaer 203 CA GM (ll. 1412-1480) C03 GM 303 - 203 -
30.1 30 B Da dyuot adonwy adonwy am adaussut 054B CA liv B (ll. 634-639) B 07 B 7 054B 54(B) 034.1 B1.7/A.51
30.2 30 B Try can eurdorch a gryssyassant 090 CA xc (ll. 1126-1131) B 08 B 8 087 87 034.2 B1.8
30.3 30-31 B Trycant eurdorchauc 091 CA xci (ll. 1132-1139) B 09 B 9 088 88 036.1 B1.9
31.1 31 B Dywal yg cat kyniwng yg keni 092 CA xcii (ll. 1140-1147) B 10 089 89 036.2 B1.10
31.2 31 B Pwys blaen rydre ferei y gadeu 023B CA xxiii B (ll. 268-276) B 11 025B 25(B) 038 B1.11
31.3 31 B Kein guodeo e celyo 020B CA xx B (ll. 227-234) B 12 021B 21(B) 040.1 B1.12/A.20
31.4 31-32 B Pan gyrchei yg kywlat e glot oed anvonavc 022B CA xxii B (ll. 250-257) B 13 024 24 040.2 B1.13
32.1 32 B Angor deor dain 063D CA lxiii D (ll. 751-761) B 14 061 61 042 B1.14/B1.15/A.62
32.2 32 B Angor deor dain 063B CA lxiii B (ll. 733-739) B 15 059B 59(B) 042 B1.14/B1.15/A.62
32.3 32 B Aches guolouy glasvleid duuyr dias dilin 063C CA lxiii C (ll. 740-750) B 16 060 60 044.1 B1.16
32.4 32 B Scwyt dan wodef. ny ystyngei rac neb 093 CA xciii (ll. 1148-1155) B 17 090 90 044.2 B1.17
32.5 32-33 B Geu ath diwedus tut leo 026B CA xxvi B (ll. 312-317) B 18 028B 28(B) 046.1 B1.18/A.26
33.1 33 B Ardwynef adef eidun gwalat 094B CA xciv (ll. 1156-1163) B 19 091 91 046.2 B1.19
33.2 33 B O osgord mynydauc pan gryssyassant 061B CA lxi B (ll. 703-708) B 20 057B 57(B) 048.1 B1.20/A.60
33.3 33 B Gosgord gododin e ar ravn rin 095 CA xcv (ll. 1164-1173) B 21 092 92 048.2 B1.21
33.4 33-34 B Neut eryueis y ued ar yg kerdet 096 CA xcvi (ll. 1174-1179) B 22 093 93 050.1 B1.22
34.1 34 B Pan dei y cyuarchant 097 CA xcvii (ll. 1180-1185) B 23 094 94 050.2 B1.23
34.2 34 B Leech leud ud tut leuure 051B CA li B (ll. 588-596) B 24 300 - 002 B2.24/B1.3/A.48
34.3 34 B Eur ar mur caer 045B CA xlv B (ll. 508-518) B 25 047B 47(B) 004 B2.25/B2.35/A.42
34.4 34-35 B Dim guoiu ediu 098 CA xcviii (ll. 1186-1208) B 26 095 95 006 B2.26
35.1 35 B Tra merin iodeo tri leo yg caat 099 CA xcix (ll. 1209-1211) B 27 096 96 008.1 B2.27
35.2 35 B Guaut i ar fisiolin 100 CA c (ll. 1212-1220) B 28 097 97 008.2 B2.28
35.3 35 B Ni forthint ueiri molut niuet 069B CA lxix B (ll. 843-854) B 29 068B 68(B) 010.1 B2.29/A.68
35.4 35-36 B Disgynsit in trum in alauoed dwyrem 040 CA xl (ll. 434-438) B 30 042 42 010.2 B2.30
36.1 36 B Guir gormant aethant cennin 041 CA xli (ll. 439-446) B 31 043 43 012.1 B2.31
36.2 36 B Moch aruireith imeitit 071B CA lxxi B (ll. 880-888) B 32 070B 70(B) 012.2 B2.32/A.70
36.3 36 B Moch aruireit i more 070B CA lxx B (ll. 861-868) B 33 069B 69(B) 014 B2.33/A.69
36.4 36-37 B Guelet e lauanaur en liwet 101 CA ci (ll. 1221-1236) B 34 098 98 016 B2.34
37.1 37 B Huitreuit clair 045C CA xlv C (ll. 519-527) B 35 047C 47(C) 004 B2.25/B2.35/A.42
37.2 37 B Llafnaur let rud 063E CA lxiii E (ll. 762-773) B 36 062 62 018 B2.36
37.3 37 B Kyuaruu ac ac ero 075B CA lxxv B (ll. 935-942) B 37 075 75 020 B2.37/A.74
37.4 37 B Ef guant tratrigant echassaf 102 CA cii (ll. 1237-1244) B 38 099 99 022.1 B2.38
38.1 38 B Erdyledam canu i cinon cigueren 066B CA lxvi B (ll. 808-818) B 39 065B 65(B) 022.2 B2.39/A.65
38.2 38 B Erdiledaf canu ciman cafa 064B CA lxiv B (ll. 782-789) B 40 063B 63(B) 024.1 B2.40/A.63
38.3 38 B Llithyessit adar a da am 103 CA ciii (ll. 1245-1257) B 41 100 100 024.2 B2.41
38.4 38 B Erdiledaf canu ci 067B CA lxvii B (ll. 825-826) B 42 066B 66(B) 026.1 B2.42/A.66


Sources

Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Williams, Ifor, Canu Aneirin, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1938.
The standard edition
[ed.] [tr.] Jarman, A. O. H., Aneirin. Y Gododdin: Britain’s oldest heroic poem, The Welsh Classics 3, Llandysul: Gomer, 1988.
[ed.] [tr.] Koch, John T., The Gododdin of Aneirin. Text and context from Dark-Age North Britain, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1997.
[tr.] Jackson, Kenneth H., Aneurin. The Gododdin: the oldest Scottish poem, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1969.  
English translation of Y Gododdin, with introduction and notes.
[tr.] Thomas, Gwyn, Gododdin: the earliest British literature, Llandysul: Gomer Press, 2012. 144 pp.  
comments: An English translation of Y Gododdin, with introduction
[tr.] Ford, Patrick K. [tr.], The Celtic poets: songs and tales from early Ireland and Wales, Belmont, Massachusetts: Ford & Bailie, 1999.
[tr.] Clancy, Joseph P., Medieval Welsh poems, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2002. 400 pp.
[tr.] Wiliams, David Gwyn [ed. and tr.], The burning tree: poems from the first thousand years of Welsh verse, London: Faber & Faber, 1956.
Internet Archive – 1979 reprint: on loan only: <link>
Selections.
Earlier (less reliable) translations
[tr.] Anwyl, Edward, “The Book of Aneirin”, Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion 1909–1910 (1911): 95–136 + plates.
Welsh Journals Online: <link>
120–136
[tr.] Skene, William F., The four ancient books of Wales, containing the Cymric poems attributed to the bards of the sixth century, vol. 1, Edinburgh, 1868.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – originally from Google Books: <link>, <link>, <link>
374–430

Secondary sources (select)

Roberts, Brynley F. [ed.], Early Welsh poetry: studies in the Book of Aneirin, Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales, 1988. 212 pp.  
comments: A collection of essays that were previously presented at a conference held in 1984.
Isaac, Graham R., “Readings in the history and transmission of the Gododdin”, Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies 37 (Summer, 1999): 55–78.
Charles-Edwards, T. M., “The authenticity of the Gododdin: an historian’s view”, in: Bromwich, Rachel, and R. Brinley Jones (eds.), Astudiaethau ar yr hengerdd / Studies in old Welsh poetry: cyflwynedig i Syr Idris Foster, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1978. 44–71.