Texts

Críth gablach‘Forked purchase’

  • Old Irish
  • prose
  • Early Irish law texts
Manuscripts
Language
  • Old Irish
Date
“the opening years of the 8th century” (Binchy).(1)n. 1 D. A. Binchy, Críth gablach (1941): xiv.
Form
prose (primary)
verse (secondary)

Classification

Early Irish law texts

Sources

Notes

D. A. Binchy, Críth gablach (1941): xiv.

Primary sources Text editions and/or modern translations – in whole or in part – along with publications containing additions and corrections, if known. Diplomatic editions, facsimiles and digital image reproductions of the manuscripts are not always listed here but may be found in entries for the relevant manuscripts. For historical purposes, early editions, transcriptions and translations are not excluded, even if their reliability does not meet modern standards.

[ed.] Binchy, D. A. [ed.], Críth gablach, Mediaeval and Modern Irish Series 11, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1941.
[ed.] Binchy, D. A. [ed.], Corpus iuris Hibernici, 7 vols, vol. 2, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1978.  
comments: numbered pp. 339–744; diplomatic edition of legal material from: London, British Library, MS Harleian 432; Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1316; Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1337.
563.1–32 Diplomatic edition of the first text from TCD 1337.
[ed.] Binchy, D. A. [ed.], Corpus iuris Hibernici, 7 vols, vol. 2, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1978.  
comments: numbered pp. 339–744; diplomatic edition of legal material from: London, British Library, MS Harleian 432; Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1316; Dublin, Trinity College, MS 1337.
777.6–783.38 Diplomatic edition of the second text from TCD 1337.
[tr.] MacNeill, Eoin, “Ancient Irish law. The law of status or franchise”, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 36 C (1923, 1921–1924): 265–316.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive – offprints: <link>
281–306 direct link
[ed.] [tr.] Hancock, W. Neilson, Thaddeus O'Mahony, Alexander George Richey, and Robert Atkinson (ed. and tr.), Ancient laws of Ireland, 6 vols, vol. 4: Din Techtugad and certain other selected Brehon law tracts, Stationery Office: Dublin, 1879.
Internet Archive: <link> Internet Archive: <link>, <link>, <link>
297–341 An early attempt at editing and translating the text. direct link

Secondary sources (select)

Breatnach, Liam, A companion to the Corpus iuris Hibernici, Early Irish Law Series 5, Dublin: DIAS, 2005.  
comments: A companion to Binchy (D. A.) 1978a. Review article: McLeod, N., “A true companion to the Corpus iuris Hibernici”, Peritia 19 (2005).
Charles-Edwards, T. M., “Críth Gablach and the law of status”, Peritia 5 (1986): 53–73.  
abstract:
This paper presents a detailed study of the determinants of social status as set out in Críth Gablach (c. AD 700), an Irish law tract on social classification which attempts a systematic analysis of the status of the free and noble classes (excluding the church and the professions) in early medieval Irish society. The nature and determinants of status are considered and the ranks of society set out in detail. To be a noble was to be hereditarily a lord of freemen in clientship – lordship rather than actual income ennobled, though other factors were relevant. For the non-noble freeman, a house, land and material assets are the basis of status. Lordship, however, appears to be economically central to the condition of the non-noble grades. Críth Gablach is one of the few outstanding pieces of social analysis from early medieval Europe.
Charles-Edwards, T. M., “A contract between king and people in early medieval Ireland? Críth gablach on kingship”, Peritia 8 (1994): 107–119.
Gerriets, Marilyn, “Economy and society. Clientship according to the Irish laws”, Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 6 (1983): 43–61.
Kelly, Patricia, “Two relative clauses in Críth Gablach”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 49–50 (1997): 373–377.
McLeod, Neil, “The two fer midboth and their evidence in court”, Ériu 33 (1982): 59–63.
McLeod, Neil, “Interpreting early Irish law: status and currency (part 1)”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 41 (1986): 46–65.
McLeod, Neil, “Interpreting early Irish law: status and currency (part 2)”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 42 (1987): 41–115.
Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, “Some cruxes in Críth gablach”, Peritia 15 (2001): 311–320.
Quin, E. G., “Textual notes”, Éigse 18:1 (1980): 93–98.
Contributors
C. A.,Dennis Groenewegen
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