Agents
Butler (James) (4th earl of Ormond)
  • 1390–1452
fourth earl of Ormond, known as the ‘White Earl’, elder son of James Butler, previous earl of Ormond, and Anne Welles; patron of Irish learning and literature.
See also: James Butler [3rd earl of Ormond]Butler (James) ... 3rd earl of Ormond
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Anne WellesWelles (Anne)
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Butler familyButler family
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See also references for related subjects.
Oxford dictionary of national biography, Online: Oxford University Press. URL: <http://www.oxforddnb.com>. 
comments: General editors include Lawrence Goldman, et al.
[id. 4,187.] Matthew (Elizabeth), ‘Butler, James, fourth earl of Ormond [called the White Earl]’ direct link
Ralph, Karen, “Medieval antiquarianism: the Butlers and artistic patronage in fifteenth-century Ireland”, Eolas: The Journal of the American Society of Irish Medieval Studies 7 (2014): 2–27.  
abstract:
This paper examines the artistic and literary commissions of the Butler family in fifteenth-century Ireland with particular reference to James Butler, fourth Earl of Ormond, the White Earl, and his nephew, Edmund MacRichard Butler, and their patronage of two illuminated manuscripts, today bound as a single volume, Oxford, Bodleian Library, Laud MS Misc. 610. The ornamentation of these manuscripts is antiquated and Insular in nature and the textual contents reflective of manuscripts produced three centuries earlier. This paper places the antiquated designs alongside Butler patronage of architecture and the traditional literary arts and seeks to understand the motivations behind deliberate artistic archaism in fifteenth-century Ireland.