Iolo Morganwg (Edward Williams)

  • 1747–1826
  • Welsh poets, authors
Edward Williams, better known by the bardic name he chose for himself, Iolo Morganwg, was a Welsh poet and antiquarian as well as a literary forger.

See also: Taliesin WilliamsWilliams (Taliesin)
Taliesin ab Iolo
Welsh educator, poet and author, son of Edward Williams (Iolo Morganwg).
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Reference works (select)

Oxford dictionary of national biography, Online: Oxford University Press. URL: <>. 
comments: General editors include Lawrence Goldman, et al.
[id. 29,498.] Morgan (Prys), ‘Williams, Edward [pseud. Iolo Morganwg] (1747–1826)’ direct link
Welsh biography online, Online: National Library of Wales. URL: <>.
Williams (Griffith John), ‘WILLIAMS, EDWARD (Iolo Morganwg) 1747 - 1826, poet and antiquary’ direct link

Secondary sources (select)

Löffler, Marion, The literary and historical legacy of Iolo Morganwg, 1826–1926, Iolo Morganwg and the Romantic tradition in Wales, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2007.  
This volume analyses the public reception and criticism of the writings of Iolo Morganwg during the long nineteenth century, considers the development of his ideas about the Eisteddfod and the Gorsedd of the Bards of the Isle of Britain, and reveals how the myth of 'old Iolo' took root at a time when Romanticism and nationalism gave rise to a historicist view of nationhood. The counterfeit material that Iolo added to historical sources was eagerly received by scholars in search of a core historical narrative and also inspired Romantics much farther afield. From the late Victorian period, however, a powerful critique of Iolo's legacy paved the way for more reputable twentieth-century Welsh scholarship. A selection of little-known key texts included in this volume also provides new insights into the way in which this legendary figure and his work were perceived.
Morgan, Prys, Iolo Morganwg, Writers of Wales, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1975.