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James fitz Thomas FitzGerald, called the súgán (straw-rope) earl of Desmond and styled the 16th (or 15th) earl, was son of Sir Thomas fitz James FitzGerald, who despite being bastardised aspired to the title of earl of Desmond in opposition to his half-brother Gerald and fought for the English Crown. After Gerald’s death, the Crown dissolved the earldom in favour of a Munster plantation, but faced an uprising led in part by Hugh O'Neill, earl of Tyrone. Where James had previously turned to the Crown in the hope of becoming earl of Desmond, he accepted that title from the rebels. In the ensuing years, however, he experienced great difficulty in making his authority felt. In 1601, he was captured and sent to the Tower of London, where he died in c.1607.
James fitz Gerald FitzGerald, 7th earl of Desmond, son of Gerald fitz Maurice FitzGerald and Eleanor, daughter of James Butler.
James fitz Thomas FitzGerald, became 9th (or 8th) earl of Desmond (1468–1487) after his father Thomas was executed.
- fl. 1500–1529
James fitz Maurice FitzGerald, 11th earl of Desmond, was son of his predecessor Maurice fitz Thomas FitzGerald and Ellen Roche.
- fl. 1530s–1558
James fitz John FitzGerald, 14th (or 13th) earl of Desmond, son of John fitz Thomas Fitzgerald, de facto 13th (or 12th) earl of Desmond, and More, daughter of Donogh O'Brien of Carrigogunnell.
- fl. 1377–d. 1399
John fitz Gerald FitzGerald, 4th earl of Desmond, son of his predecessor Gerald fitz Maurice FitzGerald and Eleanor, daughter of James Butler.
Maurice ‘Bachach’ fitz Thomas FitzGerald, son of Thomas fitz James FitzGerald, 8th earl of Desmond, and Alice Barry, became 10th (or 9th) earl of Desmond after his brother James, the former earl, was killed.
first earl of Desmond and justificiar of Ireland, son of Thomas fitz Maurice FitzGerald, who was lord of Decies and Desmond and justiciar of Ireland, and of Margaret daughter of Thomas of Berkeley.
- fl. 1356–d. 1357
Maurice fitz Maurice FitzGerald, succeeded his father Maurice fitz Thomas FitzGerald, first earl of Desmond, in 1356 but died in 1357.
- fl. 1399–1401
Maurice fitz Gerald FitzGerald, was de facto 5th earl of Desmond (1399-1401) for as long as the legitimate heir, Thomas fitz John FitzGerald, was still a minor.
Thomas fitz John FitzGerald, 6th (or 5th) earl of Desmond, son of John fitz Gerald FitzGerald, 4th earl of Desmond. Since he was still a minor when his father died (1399), his uncle Maurice fitz Gerald took custody of the earldom until Thomas was of age. He acceded in 1401 but was deposed and banished by another uncle, James fitz Gerald, in 1411.
Thomas fitz James FitzGerald, 8th (or 7th) earl of Desmond, son of James fitz Gerald FitzGerald and Mary, daughter of Uilleag Burke.
Leading family in Ireland, originally Anglo-Norman or Cambro-Norman, that produced the earls of Desmond.
Fordun (John) See: John of Fordun