Bibliography

J. M.
Picard

26 publications between 1981 and 2015 indexed
Sort by:

Works authored

Picard, Jean-Michel, Saint Patrick’s Purgatory: a twelfth-century tale of a journey to the other world, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1985.

Works edited

Richter, Michael, and Jean-Michel Picard (eds.), Ogma: essays in Celtic studies in honour of Próinséas Ní Chatháin, Dublin: Four Courts, 2002.
Picard, Jean-Michel, Aquitaine and Ireland in the Middle Ages, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1995.

Contributions to journals

Picard, Jean-Michel, “Adomnán’s Vita Columbae and the cult of Colum Cille in continental Europe”, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 98 (1998): 1–23.  
abstract:
The study of the text transmission of Adomnán's Vita Columbae on the Continent brings new insights into the diffusion of the cult of Colum Cille in Continental Europe in the early Middle Ages. Continental writers were able to supplement the information found in Adomnán's Vita Columbae with oral tradition collected from Irish monks travelling or living in the Continent; this is evident in the works of Walahfrid Strabo of Reichenau (†849), Notker Balbulus of St-Gall (†912) and Hermann of St-Félix (982-3). The evidence drawn from calendars, martyrologies, missals and catalogues of relics confirms the extent of his cult from Brittany to Austria. Continental folklore traditions complete the information found in hagiographical and liturgical texts and suggest that the transmission of the lore concerning Colum Cille was a live phenomenon linked to Irish activity in specific areas on the Continent.
abstract:
The study of the text transmission of Adomnán's Vita Columbae on the Continent brings new insights into the diffusion of the cult of Colum Cille in Continental Europe in the early Middle Ages. Continental writers were able to supplement the information found in Adomnán's Vita Columbae with oral tradition collected from Irish monks travelling or living in the Continent; this is evident in the works of Walahfrid Strabo of Reichenau (†849), Notker Balbulus of St-Gall (†912) and Hermann of St-Félix (982-3). The evidence drawn from calendars, martyrologies, missals and catalogues of relics confirms the extent of his cult from Brittany to Austria. Continental folklore traditions complete the information found in hagiographical and liturgical texts and suggest that the transmission of the lore concerning Colum Cille was a live phenomenon linked to Irish activity in specific areas on the Continent.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Les celticismes des hagiographes irlandais du VIIe siècle”, Études Celtiques 29 (1992): 355–373.  
abstract:
[FR] Les textes hagiographiques hiberno-latins du VIIe siècle offrent un corpus d’éléments sûrs, localisables et datables qui permettent d’évaluer l’influence que les langues celtiques ont pu avoir sur le latin des auteurs insulaires. Excluant la catégorie des noms propres, l’analyse des autres éléments révèle quatre types d’interférence : emploi de mots celtiques, emploi de mots celtiques latinisés, changements sémantiques dûs à l’influence de l’irlandais, particularités syntaxiques, en particulier dans l’emploi des prépositions. Une section finale sur les pseudo-celticismes remet en question plusieurs opinions formulées par des érudits modernes sur des faits de langue insolites en latin tardif ou même propres à nos auteurs de référence, mais pour lesquels il n’est pas nécessaire d’invoquer l’influence de l’irlandais. Cette étude lexicologique des Vies de saints latines du VIIe siècle éclaire aussi le sens de certains mots en irlandais ancien.

[EN] The Celticisms of the seventh century Irish hagiographers.
The Latin saints Lives written in Ireland in the seventh century provide a corpus of reliable texts which can be studied to assess the influence of the Celtic languages on the Latin prose of Insular writers. This survey, which excludes proper names, shows four types of interferences : use of Celtic words, use of latinized Celtic words, semantic modifications due to the influence of Irish, syntactical solecisms, especially in the use of prepositions. Finally, a section on pseudo-celticisms deals with several erroneous assumptions held by modern scholars on the Celtic origins of some Late Latin forms found in the prose of Irish hagiographers. This study of seventh century Latin saints Lives also contributes to a better understanding of the meaning of some Old Irish words.
Journal volume:  Persée – Études Celtiques, vol. 29, 1992: <link>
abstract:
[FR] Les textes hagiographiques hiberno-latins du VIIe siècle offrent un corpus d’éléments sûrs, localisables et datables qui permettent d’évaluer l’influence que les langues celtiques ont pu avoir sur le latin des auteurs insulaires. Excluant la catégorie des noms propres, l’analyse des autres éléments révèle quatre types d’interférence : emploi de mots celtiques, emploi de mots celtiques latinisés, changements sémantiques dûs à l’influence de l’irlandais, particularités syntaxiques, en particulier dans l’emploi des prépositions. Une section finale sur les pseudo-celticismes remet en question plusieurs opinions formulées par des érudits modernes sur des faits de langue insolites en latin tardif ou même propres à nos auteurs de référence, mais pour lesquels il n’est pas nécessaire d’invoquer l’influence de l’irlandais. Cette étude lexicologique des Vies de saints latines du VIIe siècle éclaire aussi le sens de certains mots en irlandais ancien.

[EN] The Celticisms of the seventh century Irish hagiographers.
The Latin saints Lives written in Ireland in the seventh century provide a corpus of reliable texts which can be studied to assess the influence of the Celtic languages on the Latin prose of Insular writers. This survey, which excludes proper names, shows four types of interferences : use of Celtic words, use of latinized Celtic words, semantic modifications due to the influence of Irish, syntactical solecisms, especially in the use of prepositions. Finally, a section on pseudo-celticisms deals with several erroneous assumptions held by modern scholars on the Celtic origins of some Late Latin forms found in the prose of Irish hagiographers. This study of seventh century Latin saints Lives also contributes to a better understanding of the meaning of some Old Irish words.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Eloquentiae exuberantia: words and forms in Adomnán’s Vita Columbae”, Peritia 6–7 (1987–1988): 141–157.
Connolly, Seán, and J.-M. Picard, “Cogitosus’ Life of St Brigit: content and value”, The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland 117 (1987): 5–27.  
comments: Introduction (Connolly) and English translation (Connolly and Picard, pp. 11–27).
comments: Introduction (Connolly) and English translation (Connolly and Picard, pp. 11–27).
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Donatus Ortigraphus [Review of: Chittenden, John [ed.], Donatus ortigraphus: Ars grammatica, Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis 40:D, Grammatici Hibernici Carolini Aevi 4, Turnhout: Brepols, 1982]”, Peritia 5 (1986): 427–430.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Structural patterns in early Hiberno-Latin hagiography”, Peritia 4 (1985): 67–82.
Picard, J. M., “The purpose of Adomnán’s Vita Columbae”, Peritia 1 (1982): 160–177.
Picard, J. M., “The Schaffhausen Adomnán—a unique witness to Hiberno-Latin”, Peritia 1 (1982): 216–249.

Contributions to edited collections or authored works

Picard, Jean-Michel, “Vir apostolicus: St. Peter and the claim of apostolicity in early medieval Ireland”, in: Moran, Pádraic, and Immo Warntjes (eds), Early medieval Ireland and Europe: chronology, contacts, scholarship. A Festschrift for Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, Studia Traditionis Theologiae 14, Turnhout: Brepols, 2015. 425–440.  
abstract:
The use of the expression vir apostolicus in hagiographical texts written in early medieval Ireland is explained in the context of the claims of apostolicity made by the early Christian churches in continental Europe. Hagiographers from different communities in Ireland appear to have been aware of the significance of the term and of the stakes involved. The success of the Armagh scholars in imposing a vision of their patron saint as the ‘apostle’ of Ireland was the result of a long and ingenious process, using elements of rhetoric found in early Christian writers of the previous centuries.
abstract:
The use of the expression vir apostolicus in hagiographical texts written in early medieval Ireland is explained in the context of the claims of apostolicity made by the early Christian churches in continental Europe. Hagiographers from different communities in Ireland appear to have been aware of the significance of the term and of the stakes involved. The success of the Armagh scholars in imposing a vision of their patron saint as the ‘apostle’ of Ireland was the result of a long and ingenious process, using elements of rhetoric found in early Christian writers of the previous centuries.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Entre Bretagne et Normandie, le culte des saints irlandais”, in: Quaghebeur, Joëlle, and Bernard Merdrignac (eds), Bretons et Normands au Moyen Âge: rivalités, malentendus, convergences, Rennes: PUR, 2008. 51–64.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Bède et ses sources irlandaises”, in: Lebecq, Stéphane, Michel Perrin, and Olivier Szerwiniack (eds), Bède le Vénérable: entre tradition et posterité, Centre de Recherche sur l'Histoire de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest 34, Villeneuve d'Ascq, 2005. 43–61.
Hleno.revues.org: <link>
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Early contacts between Ireland and Normandy: the cult of Irish saints in Normandy before the conquest”, in: Richter, Michael, and Jean-Michel Picard (eds.), Ogma: essays in Celtic studies in honour of Próinséas Ní Chatháin, Dublin: Four Courts, 2002. 85–93.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Schaffhausen Generalia 1 and the textual transmission of Adomnán’s Vita Columbae on the continent”, in: Ní Chatháin, Próinséas, and Michael Richter (eds.), Ireland and Europe in the early Middle Ages: texts and transmissions / Irland und Europa im früheren Mittelalter: Texte und Überlieferung, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2002. 95–102.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “The cult of Columba in Lotharingia (9th–11th centuries): the manuscript evidence”, in: Carey, John, Máire Herbert, and Pádraig Ó Riain (eds.), Studies in Irish hagiography: saints and scholars, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2001. 221–236.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Princeps and principatus in the early Irish Church: a reassessment”, in: Smyth, Alfred P. [ed.], Seanchas. Studies in early and medieval Irish archaeology, history and literature in honour of Francis J. Byrne, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000. 146–160.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Tailoring the sources: the Irish hagiographer at work”, in: Ní Chatháin, Próinséas, and Michael Richter (eds.), Irland und Europa im früheren Mittelalter: Bildung und Literatur / Ireland and Europe in the early Middle Ages: learning and literature, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1996. 261–274.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Inferno, v. 73-142: the Irish sequel”, in: Barnes, John C., and Cormac Ó Cuilleanáin (eds), Dante and the middle ages: literary and historical essays, Publications of the Foundation for Italian Studies, University College Dublin, Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1995. 271–286.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Aquitaine et Irlande dans le haut Moyen Âge”, in: Picard, Jean-Michel, Aquitaine and Ireland in the Middle Ages, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1995. 17–30.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “Sur l’ordre des mots dans la prose latine des hagiographes irlandais du VIIe siècle”, in: Conso, Danièle, Nicole Fick, and Bruno Poulle (eds), Mélanges François Kerlouégan, Annales littéraires de l'Université de Besançon 515, Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1994. 483–500.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “The strange death of Guaire mac Áedáin”, in: Ó Corráin, Donnchadh, Liam Breatnach, and Kim R. McCone (eds.), Sages, saints and storytellers: Celtic studies in honour of Professor James Carney, Maynooth Monographs 2, Maynooth: An Sagart, 1989. 367–375.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “The Bible used by Adomnán”, in: Ní Chatháin, Próinséas, and Michael Richter (eds.), Irland und die Christenheit: Bibelstudien und Mission. Ireland and Christendom: the Bible and the missions, Veröffentlichungen des Europa Zentrums Tübingen. Kulturwissenschaftliche Reihe, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1987. 245–257.
Picard, Jean-Michel, “The marvellous in Irish and continental saints’ Lives of the Merovingian period”, in: Clarke, Howard B., and Mary Brennan (eds), Columbanus and Merovingian monasticism, BAR International Series 113, Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 1981. 1–103.