Bibliography

Lauran
Toorians

71 publications between 1986 and 2019 indexed
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2019

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Probable and possible Celtic names in North Holland: Huisduinen, Texel, Den Helder, Helsdeur”, Voprosy onomastiki 16:2 (2019): 168–177. 
abstract:
The paper focuses on the probability of the Celtic substratum hypothesis in the toponymy of North Holland. Agreeing that the most north-western tip of the Netherlands is an unlikely place to look for Celtic toponyms, the author suggests that the name Huisduinen relates to the same group of names of which Heusden is the most common representative, and which appears to have a Celtic etymology. Thus making it a tempting task to look at a few other names in the same area. As the area lost most of its population in the 4th century AD and became repopulated in the 5th century, language shift offers a possible scenario for a change from Celtic to Germanic with remnants of a Celtic substratum surviving up to the present day. In the same period, the landscape involved saw radical changes as well. In earlier publications it has been suggested that the medieval name Uxalia may be Celtic. Here it is suggested that this name may originally refer to the present-day island of Texel and not — as it later did — to the neighbouring island of Vlieland. A Celtic etymology is also proposed for the names Helsdeur and Den Helder, which — if accepted — have related etymologies. The name Helsdeur refers to the deepest part of the strait between the mainland of the province North Holland and the island of Texel. The lack of early attestations of this name is explained by suggesting its probable taboo status. This hypothesis is supported by a series of relevant examples of taboo place names in the maritime context.
abstract:
The paper focuses on the probability of the Celtic substratum hypothesis in the toponymy of North Holland. Agreeing that the most north-western tip of the Netherlands is an unlikely place to look for Celtic toponyms, the author suggests that the name Huisduinen relates to the same group of names of which Heusden is the most common representative, and which appears to have a Celtic etymology. Thus making it a tempting task to look at a few other names in the same area. As the area lost most of its population in the 4th century AD and became repopulated in the 5th century, language shift offers a possible scenario for a change from Celtic to Germanic with remnants of a Celtic substratum surviving up to the present day. In the same period, the landscape involved saw radical changes as well. In earlier publications it has been suggested that the medieval name Uxalia may be Celtic. Here it is suggested that this name may originally refer to the present-day island of Texel and not — as it later did — to the neighbouring island of Vlieland. A Celtic etymology is also proposed for the names Helsdeur and Den Helder, which — if accepted — have related etymologies. The name Helsdeur refers to the deepest part of the strait between the mainland of the province North Holland and the island of Texel. The lack of early attestations of this name is explained by suggesting its probable taboo status. This hypothesis is supported by a series of relevant examples of taboo place names in the maritime context.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Endlicher’s Glossary, an attempt to write its history”, in: García Alonso, Juan Luis [ed.], Celtic and other languages in ancient Europe, Aquilafuente 127, Salamanca: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca, 2008. 153–184.

2018

article
Lauran Toorians, “Etymology: what’s in a name”, in: Arnoud-Jan Bijsterveld • Lauran Toorians, ‘Texandria revisited: in search of a territory lost in time’ in Rural riches & royal rags? Studies on medieval and modern archaeology presented to Frans Theuws... (2018): 36–37.
article
Bijsterveld, Arnoud-Jan, and Lauran Toorians, “Texandria revisited: in search of a territory lost in time”, in: Kars, Mirjam, Roos van Oosten, Marcus A. Roxburgh, and Arno Verhoeven (eds), Rural riches & royal rags? Studies on medieval and modern archaeology presented to Frans Theuws, Zwolle: SPA-Uitgevers, 2018. 34–42.

2017

article
Lauran Toorians, “[Review of: Liam Breatnach (ed.) • Ruairí Ó hUiginn (ed.) • Damian McManus (ed.) • Katharine Simms (ed.), Proceedings of the XIV International Congress of Celtic Studies, held in Maynooth University, 1–5 August 2011 (2015)]”, in: Journal of Celtic Linguistics 18 (2017): 246–249.

2016

work
Toorians, Lauran, Dafydd ap Gwilym (ca. 1315-1350): bloemlezing uit het werk van de meest gevierde dichter van Wales, 2nd ed. (1996), Online, 2016. URL: <http://laurantoorians.com/?page id=468, http://fleursdumal.nl/mag/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Toorians-Dafydd ap Gwilym.pdf>.

2015

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Afdalen van een berg in Wales”, Brabant Cultureel 64:6 (december, 2015). URL: <http://www.cubra.nl/specialebijdragen/BrabantCultureel/BC BL 201506/lauran toorians louis soeterbroek.htm>. 
abstract:
Een Bredanaar die een novelle publiceert in het Wels. Erg waarschijnlijk klinkt dat niet, maar in 1947 gebeurde het. De auteur was Louis Soeterboek en hij werd er niet beroemd mee. Toch bleef hij schrijven, zij het niet meer in het Wels. Bekend werd hij vooral als marketinggenie.
(source: Introduction)
abstract:
Een Bredanaar die een novelle publiceert in het Wels. Erg waarschijnlijk klinkt dat niet, maar in 1947 gebeurde het. De auteur was Louis Soeterboek en hij werd er niet beroemd mee. Toch bleef hij schrijven, zij het niet meer in het Wels. Bekend werd hij vooral als marketinggenie.
(source: Introduction)
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Burorina van Domburg”, Zuidwesterheem: Informatieblad van de AWN-vrijwilligers in de archeologie, afdeling Zeeland 27:84 (september, 2015): 18–21.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Naamkundige analyse van het theoniem Arcanua”, in: Derks, Ton, and B. de Fraiture (eds), Een Romeins heiligdom en een vroegmiddeleeuws grafveld bij Buchten (L.). Verslag van een archeologisch noodonderzoek (1976), Rapportage Archeologische Monumentenzorg 226, Amersfoort: Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed, 2015. 156–157.
Cultureelerfgoed.nl: <link>
article
Toorians, Lauran, “No badger in the bag”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 62 (2015): 199–211.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “[Review of: Loicq, Jean, Les noms de rivières de Wallonie, y compris les régions germanophones. Dictionnaire analytique et historique, Mémoires de la Commission Royale de Toponymie en de Dialectologie, section Wallonne 26, Louvain, Paris: Peeters, 2014]”, Tijdschrift voor Waterstaatsgeschiedenis 24 (2015): 47–49.

2014

article
Lauran Toorians, “Festschrift voor Katharine Simms [Review of: Seán Duffy (ed.), Princes, prelates and poets in medieval Ireland: essays in honour of Katharine Simms (2013)]”, in: Kelten: Mededelingen van de Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies 62 (2014): 13–14.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “[Review of: Hofeneder, Andreas, and Patrizia de Bernardo Stempel (eds), Théonymie celtique, cultes, interpretatio = Keltische Theonymie, Kulte, interpretatio: X. workshop F.E.R.C.AN., Paris 24.–26.Mai 2010, Mitteilungen der Prähistorischen Kommission 79, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2013]”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 61 (2014): 255–258.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Luxuria, Gula and Temperentia in Pwyll Pendeuic Dyuet”, Australian Celtic Journal 12 (2014): 127–159.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “[Review of: Egeler, Matthias, Celtic influences in Germanic religion: a survey, Münchner Nordistische Studien 15, Munich: Herbert Utz Verlag, 2013]”, Amsterdamer Beiträge zur älteren Germanistik 72 (2014): 321–322.

2013

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Aduatuca, ‘place of the prophet’. The names of the Eburones as representatives of a Celtic language, with an excursus on Tungri”, in: Creemers, Guido [ed.], Archaeological contributions to materials and immateriality, ATVATVCA 4, Tongeren: Gallo-Roman Museum, 2013. 108–121.

2012

article
Lauran Toorians, “Door een koloniale bril [Review of: Robin Frame, Colonial Ireland 1169–1369 (2012)]”, in: Kelten: Mededelingen van de Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies 56 (2012): 11.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Communiceren met een heiligenleven: Lebuïnus en de lezer”, Madoc: Tijdschrift over de Middeleeuwen 25:4 (December, 2012): 241–249.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Wat leren de twee monumentale inscripties uit Ruimel ons over taal?”, in: Bink, Martijn (ed.), Halder, hart van Romeins Brabant? 50 jaar archeologie in Halder: bijdragen aan het symposium, gehouden te Sint-Michielsgestel op 28 oktober 2011, Sint-Michielsgestel: Oudheidkundig Museum Sint-Michielsgestel, 2012. 69–80.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Migratie. Thomas en Charles Morgan”, De Waterschans 42:4 (December, 2012): 121–136.

2011

work
Toorians, Lauran, Towards a grammar of Middle Cornish, Online. URL: <http://laurantoorians.com/?page id=128>.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Place-names reflecting Gaulish *coslo-dūnon: Coudun, Colembert and Heusden”, Études Celtiques 37 (2011): 153–158.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Reclusive blackbirds and a scholarly ‘White Fuller’. Two notes on Irish ‘Nature Poetry’”, Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies 61 (Summer, 2011): 87–90.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Inheemse Matronenculten in de Eifel [Review of: Biller, Frank, Kultische Zentren und Matronenverehrung in der südlichen Germania inferior, Osnabrücker Forschungen zu Altertum und Antike-Rezeption 13, Rahden/Westfalen: Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH, 2010]”, Kelten: Mededelingen van de Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische Studies 52 (November, 2011): 8.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “The place-name Caspingio and its modern relatives: Heesbeen, Hesbaye / Haspengouw and Hespen”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 58 (2011): 183–199.
article
Vermunt, Marco, and Lauran Toorians, “Een cultusplaats uit de Romeinse tijd onder het stadscentrum. De opgraving op het Thaliaplein van 2002-2007”, De Waterschans 41:4 (December, 2011): 160–171.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Migratie. Jan Moffet en de Schotse Vest in Bergen op Zoom”, De Waterschans 41:4 (December, 2011): 172–178. 
comments: This article deals with Scottish tradesmen in Bergen op Zoom in about 1500, and an altar dedicated to St Trinian that they had in the Bergse kerk.
comments: This article deals with Scottish tradesmen in Bergen op Zoom in about 1500, and an altar dedicated to St Trinian that they had in the Bergse kerk.

2009

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Keltische Forschungen. A new series of Celtic studies”, Ollodagos: actes de la Société Belge d'Études Celtiques 23:2 (2009): 299–303.

2008

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Betuwe en Hessen, Bataven en Chatten”, Naamkunde 36 (2008): 179–190.

2007

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Van SENEUCAEGA tot Zennewijnen: de talen van de Bataven”, in: Roymans, Nico, Ton Derks, and Stijn Heeren (eds.), Een Bataafse gemeenschap in de wereld van het Romeinse rijk. Opgravingen te Tiel-Passewaaij, Utrecht: Matrijs, 2007. 137–144.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Das Leben von Muireadhach Albanach Ó Dálaigh: scel 7 arrumainte 7 stair”, in: Birkhan, Helmut [ed.], Kelten-Einfälle an der Donau. Akten des Vierten Symposiums deutschsprachiger Keltologinnen und Keltologen ... Linz/Donau, 17.-21. Juli 2005, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse, Denkschriften 345, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2007. 573–582. 
abstract:
Muireadhach Ó Dálaigh lived around 1200. About twenty of his poems survive and he is the subject of various traditions. The Annals of the Four Masters tell in the year 1213 how, after the killing of a servant of Domhnall Mór Ó Domhnaill, he fled to Scotland. The Scottish bardic family Mac Mhuirich (MacVurich) is believed to descend from him and two of his poems were composed for the earliest Earls of Lennox. From other poems by Muireadhach Ó Dálaigh it is known that he took part in the fifth Crusade, which brought him to Damietta. These biographical “facts” pose various problems, mainly of a chronological nature. Thus, the first Earl of Lennox was long dead by 1213, which led scholars to believe that Muireadhach must have visited Scotland on an earlier occasion, before he went into exile. The Four Masters state that fleeing for Domhnall Mór, our poet sought refuge with Richard de Burgo, but we know that the latter was a powerless boy in 1213, which severely undermines the story in the annals. And Muireadhach’s visit to Damietta must have taken place in a rather narrow time-slot which appears to interfere with his exile in Scotland. Especially the anecdote in the Annals of the Four Masters is considered questionable, but no one seems prepared to do away with it completely. As it stands it is the only piece of historical “evidence” about the poet we have, apart from scanty references in his own poems. It has the attraction of a good story and dismissing it might lead to a complete loss of Muireadhach as a historical figure. In this paper I propose a new chronology for the life and (part of) the works of Muireadhach Ó Dálaigh in which all the available information seems to fall in place without having to give up the 1213 annal completely. This account even plays a key role in my argument, though I do not take it on face value. In my view the homicide was committed much earlier and 1213 is the year in which Muireadhach returned from Scotland to Ireland in an attempt to regain his position there. In the paper I concentrate on the earlier part of the life of the poet, but something will also be said about Damietta and the fifth Crusade. Recent translations of part of Muireadhach Ó Dálaigh’s work, with introductions, can be found in Thomas Owen Clancy (ed.), The Triumph Tree. Scotland’s earliest poetry AD 550–1350 (Edinburgh 1998) 247–283.
(source: via academia.edu)
abstract:
Muireadhach Ó Dálaigh lived around 1200. About twenty of his poems survive and he is the subject of various traditions. The Annals of the Four Masters tell in the year 1213 how, after the killing of a servant of Domhnall Mór Ó Domhnaill, he fled to Scotland. The Scottish bardic family Mac Mhuirich (MacVurich) is believed to descend from him and two of his poems were composed for the earliest Earls of Lennox. From other poems by Muireadhach Ó Dálaigh it is known that he took part in the fifth Crusade, which brought him to Damietta. These biographical “facts” pose various problems, mainly of a chronological nature. Thus, the first Earl of Lennox was long dead by 1213, which led scholars to believe that Muireadhach must have visited Scotland on an earlier occasion, before he went into exile. The Four Masters state that fleeing for Domhnall Mór, our poet sought refuge with Richard de Burgo, but we know that the latter was a powerless boy in 1213, which severely undermines the story in the annals. And Muireadhach’s visit to Damietta must have taken place in a rather narrow time-slot which appears to interfere with his exile in Scotland. Especially the anecdote in the Annals of the Four Masters is considered questionable, but no one seems prepared to do away with it completely. As it stands it is the only piece of historical “evidence” about the poet we have, apart from scanty references in his own poems. It has the attraction of a good story and dismissing it might lead to a complete loss of Muireadhach as a historical figure. In this paper I propose a new chronology for the life and (part of) the works of Muireadhach Ó Dálaigh in which all the available information seems to fall in place without having to give up the 1213 annal completely. This account even plays a key role in my argument, though I do not take it on face value. In my view the homicide was committed much earlier and 1213 is the year in which Muireadhach returned from Scotland to Ireland in an attempt to regain his position there. In the paper I concentrate on the earlier part of the life of the poet, but something will also be said about Damietta and the fifth Crusade. Recent translations of part of Muireadhach Ó Dálaigh’s work, with introductions, can be found in Thomas Owen Clancy (ed.), The Triumph Tree. Scotland’s earliest poetry AD 550–1350 (Edinburgh 1998) 247–283.
(source: via academia.edu)
article
Toorians, Lauran, “[Review of: Coates, Richard, and Andrew Breeze, Celtic voices, English places. Studies of the Celtic impact on place-names in England, Stamford: Shaun Tyas, 2000]”, Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 55 (2006–2007): 314–317.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “How prehistoric are the Celts and what can Celtic Studies do for archaeologists?”, in: Anthoons, Greta, and Herman Clerinx (eds.), The Grand 'Celtic' Story? Proceedings of the conference held in Brussels on 19 November 2005, Mémoires de la Société Belge d'Études Celtiques 28, Brussels: Société Belge d'Études Celtiques, 2007. 69–79.

2006

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Kelten in Mariemont”, Archeologie Magazine 14:4 (2006): 71.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Low Countries, Celts in the”, in: Koch, John T. [ed.], Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, 5 vols, Santa Barbara, Denver and Oxford: ABC-Clio, 2006. Vol. 3:1192–1198.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “De Cananefaten in taalkundig perspectief”, in: Jonge, Wilco de, Jos Bazelmans, and Dick de Jager (eds.), Forum Hadriani. Van Romeinse stad tot monument, Utrecht: Matrijs, 2006. 50–56.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “De Kelten en het Keltisch”, in: Derkx, Sef, and Wim Hupperetz (eds.), Het geheim van de Kelten, Venlo: Limburgs Museum, 2006. 28–31.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Wat zijn Kelten? Mensen die een Keltische taal spreken”, Archeologie Magazine 14:5 (2006): 6–11.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “[Review of: Falileyev, Alexander, and Morfydd E. Owen, The Leiden leechbook. A study of the earliest Neo-Brittonic medical compilation, Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft, Sonderheft 122, Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck, 2005]”, Cambrian Medieval Celtic Studies 51 (2006): 108–109.

2005

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Belsebub gelijck. Een edelman uit Wales in een tombe in Bergen op Zoom”, Brabant Cultureel 54:9-10 (2005): 41–44.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “De etymologie van Dorestat, Keltisch en Germaans”, Jaarboek Oud Utrecht (2005): 41–53.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Keltische muntschat in Echt”, Archeologie Magazine 13:4 (2005): 51.

2004

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Over Angelen en Britten. Moreel kwaad als ‘politieke erfzonde’”, in: Burg, Cors van der, and Lourens Minnema (eds.), In de ban van het kwaad. Het kwaad in religieuze verhalen wereldwijd, Zoetermeer, 2004. 258–269.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “[Review of: Rübekeil, Ludwig, Diachrone Studien zur Kontaktzone zwischen Kelten und Germanen, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2002]”, NOWELE 45 (2004): 83–88.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Een Keltische etymologie voor Orthen: Civitas de Ortduno tussen Uxellodūnon en Orthen”, Noordbrabants Historisch Jaarboek 21 (2004): 78–95. 
A Celtic etymology for Orthen (a neighbourhood in 's-Hertogenbosch, Noord-Brabant, The Netherlands): Civitas de Ortduno between Uxellodūnon and Orthen
A Celtic etymology for Orthen (a neighbourhood in 's-Hertogenbosch, Noord-Brabant, The Netherlands): Civitas de Ortduno between Uxellodūnon and Orthen

2003

article
Toorians, Lauran, “Magusanus and the ‘Old Lad’: A case of Germanicised Celtic”, NOWELE 42 (March, 2003): 13–28.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Stichting A. G. van Hamel voor Keltische studies — hoe het begon”, in: Genee, Inge, Bart Jaski, and Bernadette Smelik (eds.), Arthur, Brigit, Conn, Deirdre... Verhaal, taal en recht in de Keltische wereld. Liber amicorum voor Leni van Strien-Gerritsen, Nijmegen: Stichting Uitgeverij de Keltische Draak, 2003. 21–26.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “Some notes to Jufer & Luginbühl, Répertoire des dieux gaulois”, Ollodagos: actes de la Société Belge d'Études Celtiques 18 (2003): 145–149.
article
Toorians, Lauran, “[Review of: Stuart, P., Nehalennia. Documenten in steen, Goes: De Koperen Tuin, 2003]”, Archeologie Magazine 11:3 (2003): 72.